Statistically, in Russia about 34% of citizens smoke. Most of consumers of tobacco has problems with health sooner or later. Not only smokers, but also their relatives suffer. Besides, cigarettes are expensive, and need of their acquisition goes a heavy burden on the budget of thousands of Russian families. Many people dream to refuse harmful tendency, but everyone manages to make it not: nicotine addiction is affectionate and to get rid of it not easy.
According to the WHO classification, nicotine addiction is the serious illness demanding the qualified treatment. No more than 7% of the smokers having features of metabolism which allow to transfer refusal of tobacco can refuse this habit without the assistance of doctors without feeling almost any unpleasant feelings. Other people who decided to leave off smoking face serious problems.
The matter is that at inhalation of tobacco smoke nicotine almost instantly gets to a blood channel, and in 7 seconds reaches a brain and stimulates so-called nicotinic atsetilkholinovy receptors. The brain sends the signal to adrenal glands provoking adrenaline emission. Besides, under the influence of nicotine in blood the level of glucose and dopamine ("pleasure hormone") increases. In general, nicotine works as a psychostimulant: after the smoked cigarette of people feels easy euphoria, feels quiet and full of strength. Gradually the need for repetition of such feelings develops, and the organism begins to need increase in a dose of the substance causing them. This effect of use of nicotine is also the cornerstone of physical accustoming to smoking.
But it is not all. Smoking becomes a behavioural stereotype over time. In other words, the person gets used not only to inhalation of tobacco smoke, but also to the ritual connected with this action. Addiction is supported also with the fact that smoking often serves as the communication medium. The teenagers only beginning to try cigarettes, their use is quite often perceived as a certain sign of independence and existence of the high status in youth collectives. At the age of 14-16 years for formation of resistant dependence it is enough to smoke one-two cigarettes a day during few months.
In practice the use of tobacco does only harm and to the smoker, and all who surround it. The negative impact of smoking on the state of health, working capacity and even outward is proved. This habit is one of the main reasons for developing of pulmonary, cardiovascular and oncological diseases. Children of the smoking mothers quite often have delays of physical and intellectual development. In fact, addiction to the tobacco use no other than drug addiction.
Most of the people dreaming to cease to smoke such make the first attempts independently. Confidence is that he will be able to throw as soon as he wants, it is characteristic even of the smoker with a long-term experience. It is clear: it is pleasant to person to think that he has no dependence, and it is absolutely free in decision-making and their implementation. On this way not to pass disappointments. As a rule, in the first hours spent without cigarettes, the smoker faces abstinence signs. Are usually observed:
Besides, nausea, a headache, dizziness and other unpleasant feelings are possible. The person very much wants to light and understands that the cigarette will immediately improve his health. It aggravates his sufferings and serves as the first reason of failure (return to smoking).
The main error of such attempts consists in refusal of the professional help. The address to the narcologist allows to get the qualified advice concerning tactics of treatment of an illness and use of medicines based on specific features of an organism of the patient and duration of the use of tobacco. Usually to patients appoint nicotinoreplacement therapy (reception of substances which effect is similar to nicotine influence), and also the treatment helping to endure less painfully abstinence signs.
Besides, it is considered that process of refusal of smoking is strongly facilitated by the following measures:
Success of treatment of nicotine addiction in huge degree is connected with ability of the person to control itself and to patiently expect positive takes. Actually they begin to appear very quickly: in the first day the arterial pressure and pulse are normalized, in a week there passes morning cough, 14 days later breath becomes easier and irritability disappears. After refusal of cigarettes at the person sense of smell is recovered and appetite improves. This fact is the reason of fears of many patients: they are afraid to gain strongly weight in the course of treatment, however at observance of rules of healthy food of troubles such it is easy to avoid. Over time abstinence signs weaken, and thirst for smoking decreases. Specialists consider that the brain completely gets used to lack of nicotine within a year.
Refusal of smoking on forces to any person. It is enough to realize existence of a disease and need of its treatment, to approach competently a problem, having called to the aid specialists, and success (and with it and significant improvement of quality of life) it is provided.
During life the average person develops neither more nor less two big pools of saliva.
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