- Symptoms of the Renal failure
- Reasons of the Renal failure
- Treatment of the Renal failure
The renal failure is a disturbance of all functions of kidneys, leading to frustration water, electrolytic, nitrogenous, etc. types of exchange.
Symptoms of the Renal failure:
The clinical picture of a disease depends on a form - acute or chronic.
Reasons of the Renal failure:
The renal failure is result of chronic diseases of kidneys (chronic pyelonephritis, a chronic glomerulonephritis, an urolithiasis), defeat of vessels of kidneys at atherosclerosis and a diabetes mellitus, hereditary diseases of kidneys, the investigation of shock, poisonings.
Treatment of the Renal failure:
How this disease developed — suddenly or gradually, it always demands active treatment and only under observation of the specialist. In the absence of competent treatment of the patient can die.
Treatment of a renal failure begins with search and elimination of a cause of illness. If it is impossible to remove the cause, life of the patient is supported by means of an artificial kidney: at HPN the hemodialysis (clarification of blood by means of an artificial kidney) is carried out regularly in a planned order. Transplantation of a kidney, peritoneal dialysis is also applied to treatment of HPN. At obstruction of renal arteries resort to balloon angioplasty, shunting and their prosthetics.
Therapy at a renal failure has to be complex: in addition to elimination of a basic disease carry out correction of disturbances of blood circulation, recovery of water-salt and acid-base balance, removal from blood of metabolic products. Antibacterial drugs are appointed at an exacerbation of an infection and its complications.