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Macrocephalia, megalocephalia (macrocephalia, megalocephalia, from other - Greek  () — big and  — the head; Xing.: a makrokefaliya, a macroencephalitis) — proportional increase in all brain without a head edema which can proceed asymptomatically, but always with lag of intellectual development.

Macrocephalia symptoms:

Outward of a brain at a macrocephalia usually differs from normal a little. The research of cerebrospinal fluid at a macrocephalia does not find pathological changes, pressure normal. A shape of the head usually normal, without cambers and an overhang of the frontal bones characteristic of hydrocephaly. The big fontanel is closed with delay, often it is widely open, but does not eminate.

The macrocephalia can be inborn, but can also arise and after the birth, the reasons are unknown.

The forecast at the expressed macrocephalia in most cases bad. Death comes very quickly or even suddenly, more often in connection with an acute feverish infectious disease. The symptoms preceding death at most of patients are expressed in a headache, a loss of consciousness against the background of high temperature, more or less expressed general kloniko-tonic spasms, the unsharp meningeal phenomena without pathological changes in cerebrospinal fluid, in approach of a collapse. The described symptomatology suggests that wet brain and acute increase in intracranial pressure is a cause of death.

Ребенок с макроцефалией

The child with a macrocephalia

Treatment of a macrocephalia:

There is no pathogenetic treatment, carry out symptomatic therapy.

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