Infectious diseases of eyes
- Reasons of infectious diseases of eyes
- Symptoms of infectious diseases of eyes
- Treatment of infectious diseases of eyes
The most often found infectious diseases of eyes is viral and bacterial conjunctivitis. Conjunctivitis is a disease at which the conjunctiva (the mucous membrane covering the surface of an eye and the interior a century) inflames.
Often at the conjunctivitis caused by viruses or bacteria both eyes are surprised, but the disease can develop also on one eye.
Bacterial conjunctivitis (i.e. the conjunctivitis caused by pathogenic bacteriums) can be effectively cured by means of topical administration of antibiotics.
Reasons of infectious diseases of eyes:
Most often causative agents of bacterial conjunctivitis are staphylococcus, streptococci and pneumococci. Besides, is more often at children, the disease can be caused by a hemophilic stick. The conjunctiva can be infected at violation of the rules of personal hygiene, and also at hit of a foreign body (mote) or in the presence of infectious process in a nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses.
Symptoms of infectious diseases of eyes:
Symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis are: a discharge from a conjunctival cavity, burning and an itch in an eye, feeling of a foreign body and reddening of an eye.
The final diagnosis is established by the specialist. At survey of an eye the conjunctival hyperemia (reddening of an eye more closer to the conjunctival arches, than than to a cornea) and existence purulent separated from a conjunctival cavity attracts attention. Crops separated on a medium and a bacteriological research are made for identification of the activator. Differential diagnosis should be carried out with viral and allergic conjunctivitis (see the Allergy). In particular, at allergic conjunctivitis a discharge from a conjunctival cavity scanty, viscous and transparent, and the symptomatology can remain significantly longer.
Treatment of infectious diseases of eyes:
Only the doctor can appoint the correct treatment depending on the made diagnosis and other factors. The inflammation of a mucous membrane of an eye caused by bacteria usually effectively recovers by use of antibacterial eye drops and ointments. Duration of treatment makes 3-5-7 days, sometimes (for example, at chronic bacterial conjunctivitis) longer. At permission of symptoms of conjunctivitis the control visit to the doctor usually is not required. However if the inflammation is not allowed, despite use of medicines, or the disease recurrence develops, the patient should consult with the ophthalmologist. Quite often after the postponed conjunctivitis the symptom complex characteristic of a syndrome of "a dry eye" demanding use of artificial tears for the fastest recovery of visual comfort develops.