- Symptoms of Injuries of a cornea
- Reasons of Injuries of a cornea
- Treatment of Injuries of a cornea
The most widespread type of an injury of an eye are cornea injuries – a transparent blanket in a front part of an eye. Hit in an eye of dust, dirt, sand, wood shaving, particles of metal or even an edge of the sheet of paper can lead to emergence on a corneous layer of scratch or a cut. The majority of such scratches has superficial character (it is called a cornea erosion). In certain cases the erosion of a cornea is followed by infection that can lead to a serious eye illness – a helcoma.
Symptoms of Injuries of a cornea:
As the cornea of an eye is extremely sensitive, the erosion can be painful. At a graze on a cornea you can have a feeling as though sand got into an eye. Dacryagogue, indistinct sight, hypersensitivity and reddening can indicate a century existence of an erosion of a cornea. The headache is possible.
Reasons of Injuries of a cornea:
The cornea can be injured in the course of many usual actions (for example, sports activities, apartment renovation). The child can accidentally scratch your eye a nail. Other widespread cases of traumatizing a cornea are connected with hit in an eye of chemicals – from household cleaners to antifreeze.
Treatment of Injuries of a cornea:
At an eye injury immediately ask for medical care. Besides, at an erosion of a cornea it is possible to take the following urgent measures:
1. Wash out an eye saline solution (whenever possible) or clear water. Use an eye tray or a small pure glass, putting it edges on a stone at the basis of an eye hollow. If you in a workplace have an installation for the emergency washing of eyes, use it. Washing of eyes can help to remove the foreign body injuring it from an eye.
2. Vigorously blink several times. This movement will help to remove the small particles of dust or sand which got into an eye.
3. Pull an upper eyelid so that to cover with it lower. Eyelashes of a lower eyelid can "sweep out" as if a foreign body from under an upper eyelid.
Avoid actions which can lead to a bigger traumatizing an eye:
1. Do not try to take independently the foreign body which pierced or got stuck in an eye. Do not try to remove the large foreign subject interfering closing of an eye.
2. Having injured an eye, do not begin to rub right there it. The touch or pressing can aggravate damage of a cornea.
3. Do not concern an eyeglobe tweezers, cotton wool or any other tools. It can aggravate damage of a cornea.