Posttraumatic stressful frustration
- Symptoms of Posttraumatic stressful frustration
- Reasons of Posttraumatic stressful frustration
- Treatment of Posttraumatic stressful frustration
Posttraumatic stressful frustration (PTSR, "the Vietnamese syndrome", "the Afghan syndrome", "the Chechen syndrome") — psychological state which results from the psychoinjuring situations which are going beyond usual human experience and menacing to physical integrity of the subject or other people. Differs in the prolonged influence, has stage of latency, and it is shown during the period from six months to ten years and more after transferring of the single or repeating psychological injury.
Symptoms of Posttraumatic stressful frustration:
The current of PTSR is shown by the repeating and persuasive reproduction in consciousness of the psychoinjuring event. At the same time the stress which had by the patient is exceeded by those which he felt at the time of actually injuring event, and often is extremely intensive experience causing thoughts of a suicide with the purpose to stop an attack. The repeating dreadful dreams and fleshbek are also characteristic.
At the same time the patient strenuously avoids the thoughts, feelings or a talk connected with an injury and also actions, places or people who initiate these memoirs. Psychogenic amnesia is characteristic, the patient is not capable to reproduce in memory the psychoinjuring event in detail. Also constant vigilance and a condition of constant expectation of threat takes place. The state often is complicated by somatic frustration and diseases — generally from nervous, cardiovascular, digestive and endocrine systems.
The trigger is the event causing an attack in sick PTSR. Most often the trigger is a part of the injuring experience — crying of the child, noise of the car, stay at height, the image, the text, the telecast, etc. Sick PTSR usually in every way avoid meetings with triggers, aiming to avoid a new attack.
Reasons of Posttraumatic stressful frustration:
The injuring influences can be caused by military operations, natural disasters, acts of terrorism (for example, capture in hostages, violence, tortures), rape, and also long and serious illnesses or the death of close people. In all cases the psychological injury is heavy and causes experience of intensive fear, helplessness and extreme horror.
Treatment of Posttraumatic stressful frustration:
Treatment of PTSR is complex, in an onset of the illness medicamentous and psychotherapeutic, after — preferential psychotherapeutic. Good results are yielded by a technique during which the patient learn to concentrate at the time of the beginning of an attack attention on the bright distracting reminiscence that creates over time a habit to automatic transition of consciousness to neutral or positive emotions bypassing the injuring experience in a case of emergence of the trigger.