- Anorexia symptoms
- Anorexia reasons
- Treatment of Anorexia
Anorexia (other - Greek α-— without - not - — a desire to food) — the syndrome consisting in lack of appetite, feeling of hunger or in conscious refusal of food.
Allocate the following kinds of a syndrome:
* Primary anorexia — loss of feeling of hunger, connected with hormonal dysfunction, neurologic pathology, malignant tumors.
* Mental anorexia (Latin anorexia psychica) — loss of feeling of hunger or refusal of food in view of sharp oppression of appetite at psikhchesky diseases: depressive and catatonic states, or under the influence of the crazy ideas of poisoning, and so forth.
* Anorexia mental painful — burdensome feeling of easing, loss of ability to realize feeling of hunger.
* Nervous anorexia (Latin anorexia nervosa) — easing or the loss of feeling of hunger connected with persistent and not always psychologically clear aspiration to lose weight, excessive restriction of meal. Sometimes it is aggravated with the use of the anorexigenic substances oppressing appetite. Can cause serious consequences: cachexia, metabolism disturbances, etc. In the period of a cachexia patients do not pay attention on repellent and frightening surrounding outward or are quite satisfied with it. Meets at female persons more often.
Especially heavy manifestations of this syndrome usually indicate a mental disease, most often schizophrenia.
* Anorexia — decrease or loss of appetite. This symptom is very widespread: it meets not only at mental diseases, but also at many somatopathies.
* Medicinal anorexia — caused by reception of special anorexigenic drugs for the purpose of decrease in body weight, or side effect of other drugs (antidepressants, psychostimulants and so forth).
Diseases which lead to anorexia and weight loss are very numerous:
* malignant new growths, practically any character and localization;
* endocrine diseases - a diabetes mellitus of type 1, a thyrotoxicosis, Addison's disease, a hypopituitarism;
* persistent infections;
* intestinal helminthosis;
* drug addiction and alcoholism;
* gastrointestinal diseases; especially broken absorption;
* neurotic disorders of alarming and phobic character;
* nervous anorexia.
Treatment of Anorexia:
Depends on a basic disease.