Emphysema of lungs
- Reasons of Emphysema of lungs
- Symptoms of Emphysema of lungs
- Treatment of Emphysema of lungs
Emphysema is a serious disease of lungs at which alveoluses and small respiratory tracts are damaged. Emphysema is a progressing disease which usually is not diagnosed, will not reach subcompensation stage yet. Finally diseases physical activity of the patient is significantly limited. At later stages the patient can use about 20% of the physical potential. Emphysema influences an air exhalation from alveoluses, but not a breath.
Reasons of Emphysema of lungs:
The main reason of development of emphysema of lungs is a smoking. Most of smokers by 50-60 years of life have emphysema of lungs though this diagnosis can be exposed even at 30-40-year-old patients. Smoking causes a chronic inflammation, can also lead to damage of alveoluses and small respiratory tracts that promotes development of emphysema.
Patients to whom emphysema aged from 20 up to 45 years is diagnosed quite often suffer from proteinaceous insufficiency. To patients who smoke and have proteinaceous insufficiency , most likely, the diagnosis will be made at the age of about 30 years.
Risk factors for emphysema include first of all age as at most of patients symptoms develop by 50-60 years. Influence of tobacco smoke, smoking, influence of chemicals in a workplace, heredity, HIV and AIDS, diseases of connecting fabric, impact of environmental pollution and the weakened immune system are recognized as other risk factors.
Symptoms of Emphysema of lungs:
Symptoms of emphysema includes chronic cough, appetite loss, loss of weight and fatigue. The decompensation comes when difficulty of an exhalation in combination with inability to receive enough oxygen for an organism is observed. The simple act of acceptance of food can result in such fatigue that the patient loses interest in food. Loss of weight promotes fatigue and weakness. In some cases emphysema can be followed by cough, generally cough dry and unproductive. The main symptoms of emphysema include feeling of an asthma, even at rest, the complicated breath after any type of an exercise stress or the postponed disease.
Diagnosis of emphysema of lungs is based on survey of the patient, the roentgenogram of bodies of a thorax to exclude other possible reasons of symptoms, KT for assessment of weight of injury of lungs and their localization, determination of level of oxygen in blood.
Treatment of Emphysema of lungs:
The most important part of treatment for smokers with emphysema is the refusal of smoking. It can be very difficult, and nicotine of drugs, systems of support is the best of all to solve a problem with the help of the replacing drugs. Are affected even by secondary smoke it is extremely undesirable for the patient to whom the diagnosis emphysema was made.
Other options of treatment include injections of AAT-protein which insufficient level can be found in analyses. Protein injections probably form a sheeting, and also interfere with progressing of a state. Oxygen therapy in house conditions can help to facilitate symptoms. Drugs of group of bronkhodilyatorot can also help to facilitate symptoms of emphysema of lungs. Due to various sensitivity to these or those bronkhodilyatator, therapy by them has to be selected individually.
The technique of diaphragmal respiration can help patients to use rationally received oxygen level. Phrenic breathing exercises demand daily practice under the leadership of the trainer. This technique can help to make the patient's air more effective and less tiresome.
Despite the difficulties connected with emphysema, patients all the same have to take part in daily physical exercises to help the to extend lungs, and also oxygen to deliver more effective. Good food and a healthy lifestyle are necessary to prolong life of patients.