- Phlebitis symptoms
- Phlebitis reasons
- Treatment of Phlebitis
Phlebitis — a vein wall inflammation. Preferential defeat of an outside cover call a periphlebitis, internal — an endophlebitis, the inflammatory process taking all covers of a vein — the sir phlebitis.
The main clinical symptoms — pain and a dermahemia on the vein course — are observed only in an initial stage of a disease and at defeat of saphenas. At a palpation on the course of the affected vein it is found dense painful тяж or the infiltrate testimonial of involvement in inflammatory process of considerable sites of hypodermic cellulose. Phlebitis often leads to development of thrombophlebitis with which complications — septic embolisms, abscesses, etc. are connected.
The periphlebitis develops usually as a result of transition of inflammatory process to a vein wall of surrounding fabrics. The endophlebitis arises at an injury of a vein and damage of its internal cover, most often at long stay in a vein of a needle or a catheter at infusional therapy, and also intravenous administration of hypertonic salt solutions.
Treatment of Phlebitis:
Treatment is generally conservative. Locally apply compresses with the ointments containing heparin, Troxevasinum, and also thermal physiotherapeutic procedures. Carry out antiinflammatory therapy (appoint aspirin, Butadionum or Rheopyrinum), use the drugs improving rheological properties of blood and a trophicity of a venous wall (Glyvenolum, Escuzanum, trental, curantyl, etc.). Forecast, as a rule, favorable. Prevention consists in strict observance of rules of intravenous injections and injections, timely treatment of pyoinflammatory processes.