- Periodontal disease symptoms
- Periodontal disease reasons
- Treatment of the Periodontal disease
Periodontal disease (from other - Greek παρα-— near, — tooth, - ит — inflammatory character), differently the inflammatory disease of fabrics of a parodont which is characterized by the progressing destruction of normal structure of an alveolar shoot of a jaw. The periodontal disease is widespread rather widely, as well as other diseases of a parodont.
Periodontal disease symptoms:
The disease is shown by the progressing destruction of alveolar shoots (namely, tooth cells of these shoots). Adversely influences the current of a periodontal disease deposits of a dental calculus, the slovenly maintenance of an oral cavity. The symptomatology of initial stages is poor — bleeding of gums, weakness of a tooth sheaf, sometimes — viscous saliva, a plaque on teeth. At an active current owing to bystry destruction of alveolar shoots teeth drop out.
Clinical manifestations at a periodontal disease aggravation are more various: a gingiva inflammation, purulent discharges from dentogingival pockets, an unpleasant smell from a mouth, pathological mobility of teeth, their shifts. Abscesses and fistulas on a gingiva, increase and morbidity of submaxillary lymph nodes are frequent. A chronic current with frequent aggravations of a periodontal disease can be followed by a microbic allergy.
Periodontal disease reasons:
The periodontal disease is an inflammatory disease of the tissues of gum surrounding and holding tooth (parodonta). (System) and local distinguish the general from the reasons of development of a periodontal disease. Carry such somatic pathology as a diabetes mellitus, immunodeficiencies, diseases of system of blood etc. which have a so-called "parodontalny syndrome" to the general. Besides, many chronic diseases, without having specific influence on пародонт, contribute to emergence or burden a current of a chronic periodontal disease. The microbic agent whose primary source the tooth plaque is is the most urgent local reason. Species of microorganisms, specifically responsible for a heavy current of a periodontal disease are defined: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Prevotella intermedia, Treponema denticola. Other proved group of the reasons — traumatic. Treat them: the injuring anomalies of a bite, a high attachment tyazhy and bridles of a mucous oral cavity, density and anomalies of position of teeth, a hyper tone of chewing muscles.
Treatment of the Periodontal disease:
The main way of radical treatment of a periodontal disease is surgical treatment for the purpose of elimination of a pathological dentogingival pocket, and also removal of remediless teeth for preservation of a bone of an alveolar shoot which can be used for dental implantation.
Local means: (antiseptic agents, antiinflammatory drugs, enzymes, essential oils), removal of tooth deposits. Physical therapy, vitamins, especially vitamin C and groups B, biogenic stimulators.
Surgical and orthopedic intervention, prosthetics, in the subsequent — a dietary and resort therapy, mental rest. Treatment is individual, complex, the choice of methods depends on a stage of a disease, character of a complication and the general condition of an organism.