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Poland's syndrome


Poland's syndrome is the inborn malformation including absence big and small chest muscles, a syndactylia (an union of fingers), a brachydactyly, an athelia (lack of a papilla of the breast) and/or an amastia (lack of the most mammary gland), deformation or lack of several edges, lack of hair in an axillary hollow and decrease in thickness of a hypodermic and fatty layer. It is called by name the English medical student of Alfred Poland who in 1841 published the partial description of this syndrome. Occurrence frequency Poland's Syndrome of 1:30000-1:32000 newborns, always happens unilateral in 80% of cases on the right. Meets at men more often, than at women.

Reasons of a syndrome of Poland:

The syndrome origin Polanda is finally not found out. Assume that the hereditary, infectious, chemical, radiation and mechanical and other factors influencing in a certain span of pre-natal development of a human body can be its cornerstone.

Symptoms of a syndrome of Poland:

Lack of a big pectoral muscle, underdevelopment (or total absence) a mammary gland or a nipple on the struck party, and also lack of hair in an axillary hollow from that party on which pathology is observed.

Реберно-мышечный дефект при синдроме Поланда

Costal and muscular defect at Poland's syndrome

Treatment of a vindrom of Poland:

Poland's syndrome mentions all structures of a chest wall: breast, edges, muscles, hypodermic and fatty layer and backbone. In a type of need of complex recovery of a thorax Poland's syndrome is treated only in the operational way.

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