- Mialgiya's symptoms
- Mialgiya's reasons
- Mialgiya's treatment
In the literal translation from Greek the term "mialgiya" is meant by "muscular pain". As a rule, the disease arises suddenly and is followed by unpleasant feelings at the movements or palpation of muscles. Except sharp pains, the mialgiya proves puffiness of extremities, emergence of the inflamed sites, disturbance of permeability of membranes of muscle cells. Contrary to popular belief, symptoms of a mialgiya can be shown even at absolutely healthy people while they, for example, overstrain muscles during physical work or sports activities.
Mialgiya – symptoms and a clinical picture
Symptoms of a disease are shown differently depending on a type of a mialgiya. In modern medicine it is accepted to allocate:
* fibromyalgia – it is characterized by pains in muscles, ligaments and sinews. Most often shoulder joints, occipital area, a waist and a neck suffer. Unpleasant feelings are especially brightly expressed at palpation of muscles;
* a miositis or an inflammatory mialgiya – treatment of patients with such diagnosis is absolutely necessary as people suffer from the most severe pains which arise at the simplest movements. This type of a mialgiya exerts strong impact on muscles of a trunk and extremities. In the started cases result in disability;
* the polymiositis – differs in pains in muscles, dystrophy, muscular weakness.
Except the above described symptoms, are inherent in all types of a mialgiya: headache, nausea, vomiting, puffiness, hyperthermia, disturbance of permeability of membranes of cells.
The choice of a technique of treatment directly depends on what reasons caused a mialgiya. If symptoms appeared after catarrhal diseases, then to the patient appoint febrifugal medicines which not only eliminate high temperature, but also muscle pains. Similar tactics is used also in all other cases. For example, if the mialgiya arose after a nerve strain, then demulcents will help to get rid of it.
Treatment of a mealgiya
When doctors do not manage to establish an actual reason of a disease, techniques of treatment are under construction on elimination of direct symptoms. As a rule, prescribe patients antiinflammatory nonsteroid drugs: to meloksika, indometacin, Naproxenum, diclofenac. Mialgiya whose symptoms are shown especially strongly can demand reception of non-narcotic analgesics of type of Pentalginum, a kaffetin or analginum, and they are accepted as in the form of ointments or tablets, and intravenously – by means of injections. As for ointments, the best effect is observed at rubbing in to the inflamed sites of a finalgon, analgos and fastum-gel. Quite good results are shown also by Menovasinum and tincture of red pepper.
Regardless of a mialgiya form, it is necessary to get rid of muscle pains by means of a complex of actions. In particular, if the diagnosis a mialgiya is made to the person, treatment assumes not only reception of medicamentous means, but also physiotherapy exercises, visit of the massage therapist, physiotherapeutic procedures and a resort sanatorium therapy.
We will stop on massage in more detail. If it becomes professionals, then at the patient in the shortest possible time practically all signs of a mialgiya disappear, blood circulation improves, puffiness of extremities decreases and their normal work is recovered. The first sessions of massage are held in the sparing mode, but then load of the inflamed site increases in process of reduction of intensity of pain. The course lasts 6-8 procedures. Each session continues no more than 15 minutes therefore if the mialgiya is diagnosed for you, treatment by means of massage will not take a lot of time and will allow to get rid of a disease, without being prevented from working and household chores.