- Gastroduodenit's symptoms
- Gastroduodenit's reasons
- Gastroduodenit's treatment
Gastroduodenit — (Latin gastroduodenitis; other - Greek a stomach + duodenum a duodenum + - ит — an inflammation) — an inflammatory disease of a mucous duodenal kishyoka and peloric zone of a stomach.
* Depending on the prevailing etiological factor allocate:
- primary (exogenous) gastroduodenita;
- secondary (endogenous) gastroduodenita.
* On prevalence allocate:
- widespread gastroduodenita;
- the localized gastroduodenita.
* Depending on the level of acidity gastroduodenita differ:
- with normal secretory function;
- with the lowered secretory function;
- with the increased secretory function.
Clinical manifestations of gastroduodenit are various and depend on extent of structural changes of mucous, their localization, a stage of pathological process, a functional condition of a stomach and disturbance of exchange processes in an organism. The general symptoms of a disease are weakness, slackness, the interrupted sleep, often headaches. Pallor of integuments, displays of a vitamin deficiency are objectively observed. Expressiveness of these symptoms depends on extent of disturbance of exchange processes in an organism.
Gastroduodenit is a polyetiological disease. Allocate the endogenous and exogenous reasons of its development.
Among the endogenous reasons of a gastroduodenit the great value is attached to the raised kislotoobrazovaniye, reduction of a myxopoiesis, disturbance of hormonal regulation of secretion. Besides, diseases of a liver and bilious ways, endocrine pathology contribute to development of a gastroduodenit.
Distinguish from exogenous etiological factors physical, such as, reception of spicy, cold or hot food, chemical (influence of pesticides). The major factor is hit in a digestive tract of a bacterium of Helicobacter pylori.
Treatment of gastroduodenit long, posledoyovatelny, stage. Includes the rayotsionalny general, feeding and dviyogatelny regime, a diet, antiacid drugs at the raised kisloyotoproduktion (Vicalinum, Almagel), the means stimulating reparative processes, polivitamiyona according to indications — spazmolitiyochesky, sedative drugs, a fiyototerapiya, mineral waters, in cases of a secondary gastroduodenit with decrease in a kisloyotoproduktion fermentyony drugs are shown. Existence of an imbalance between processes of formation of active forms of oxygen and their inactivation defines need of additional use of antioxidant means (vitamin E (tocopherol), vitamin C (ascorbic acid), убихинон, vitamin A (Retinolum), a beta – carotene, etc.) for implementation of full pathogenetic therapy of gastroduodenal pathology. Komyopleksny treatment of the combined zaboyolevaniye of digestive organs is also necessary.