- Glossitis symptoms
- Glossitis reasons
- Treatment of the Glossitis
Glossitis (Latin glossitis from other - Greek — language + - itis) — the language inflammation resulting from its traumatizing, influence of pathogenic microorganisms or as the state accompanying other diseases.
Depending on character of a course of a disease distinguish an acute and chronic glossitis. The chronic course of a disease is promoted by long action of the injuring factor, dysbacteriosis, decrease in the general resistance of an organism.
At a catarral glossitis inflammatory process is localized in blankets of a mucous membrane of language. The inflammation can extend also to deep departments with formation of erosion and ulcers, being followed by development of abscess or phlegmon (phlegmonous glossitis).
Language swells up. Color of language changes: it becomes frequent brightly red or claret. Also can become covered by a pale plaque if pernicious anemia served as the reason. Can become brightly red if shortage of vitamin B served as the reason.
Language becomes inflamed and soft.
There are difficulties during chewing, swallowing or the speech.
The etiology and pathogeny are finally not found out. A number of researchers considers a desquamative glossitis a symptom of various diseases and, first of all digestive tract, neurodystrophic processes, at diseases of the hemopoietic bodies, endocrine system, at disturbance of vitamin balance, allergic states, an endointoxication.
Rhomboid glossitis. The disease should be considered as inborn, caused by disturbance of an embryogenesis. Provocative factors: smoking, fungal flora, digestive tract diseases, vitamin C hypovitaminosis.
Treatment of the Glossitis:
The forecast is favorable.
Treatment first of all has to be directed to elimination of the injuring factor or treatment of a basic disease. For disinfection the struck surface of language is processed antiseptic solutions: Furacilin, potassium permanganate, хлоргексидин, etc. — in the form of rinsings, trays or applications. For the purpose of reduction of a pain syndrome appoint anesthetics, including in a combination with antiseptic agents: lidocaine, Kamistad (lidocaine with extract of flowers of a camomile pharmaceutical). For acceleration of an angenesis use applications with drugs of the corresponding group: oil of seeds of a dogrose, ointment or Solutio oleosa with vitamin A or betakaroteny, "Actovegin", "Vinisolum". Before subsiding of inflammatory process exclude the irritating food.
At erosion and ulcers before processing by antiseptic agents the fibrinny or necrotic plaque is deleted with a cotton plug or way of applications with proteolytic enzymes (trypsin, chymotrypsin, etc.). At the expressed hyperkeratosis the keratosic site is deleted in the operational way.