Diseases of a stomach and duodenum
- Symptoms of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum
- Reasons of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum
- Treatment of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum
Stomach – expanded department of a digestive tract in which also machining of food is carried out chemical. A duodenum – the initial department of a small bowel following right after a pylorus. Bile from a gall bladder and juice from a pancreas comes to a duodenum.
Diseases of a stomach and 12-tiperstny gut can proceed in various clinical forms - gastritises, a duodenitis, stomach ulcers and a 12-tiprstny gut, etc.
Symptoms of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum:
Gastritis – the inflammation of a mucous membrane (in certain cases and deeper layers) stomach walls leading to disturbance of digestion of food, deterioration in health, decrease in working capacity. Patients are tormented by feeling of pressure and a raspiraniye in a stomach after food, heartburn, nausea, vomiting. There can sometimes be an aching or acute thermalgia in an upper part of a stomach, an eructation acid, bitter or rotten. Chronic gastritis can be followed by a meteorism, abdominal murmur, frustration of a chair. Complications if not to begin treatment timely: stomach ulcer, gastric bleeding, carcinoma of the stomach.
Peptic ulcer of a stomach and duodenum. A peptic ulcer – a chronic recurrent disease at which as a result of disturbances of the nervous and humoral mechanisms regulating secretory and trophic processes in a gastroduodenal zone in a stomach and a duodenum ulcers are formed. Sometimes the disease proceeds asymptomatically and comes to light accidentally at FGDS. The main symptom of an uncomplicated peptic ulcer is the pain – cutting, penetrating sometimes skhvatkoobrazny, is more rare stupid and weak; at the same time, the ulcer is larger and deeper – the pain syndrome is stronger. Pains are localized in epigastric area and irradiate in the left half of a thorax, in a back, in the right hypochondrium, under a right shoulder-blade. The early pains arising soon after meal are characteristic of a peptic ulcer of a stomach. At a peptic ulcer of a duodenum pains are observed hungry, night and late (in 2-4 hours after food); meal usually gives relief. Pains at a peptic ulcer are usually combined with nausea, vomiting, heartburn, an eructation and locks. Bleedings, perforation, a stenosis, cancer regeneration can become complications of not treated ulcer.
Duodenitis – an inflammatory disease of a duodenum. Patients show complaints to the aching or colicy hungry, night pains in an anticardium, heartburn, an eructation acid, locks. Often nausea, vomiting meets – it is rare. Also sick the pains behind a breast which sometimes are followed by swallowing disturbance can disturb. The chronic duodenitis influences overall health: there is a weakness, headaches, appetite decreases. Depending on a form of a duodenitis and sharpness of inflammatory process also other symptoms up to fever can join and intestinal bleeding at an erosive and ulcer duodenitis.
Reasons of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum:
* long disturbance of food: use of spicy, hot and rough food, bad chewing of food, food with no drink, lack of proteins, iron and vitamins
* abuse of alcoholic drinks, smoking
* infection with bacteria helikobakter of a pilora
* uncontrolled reception of antibiotics, hormones
* genetic predisposition
Treatment of Diseases of a stomach and duodenum:
At the timely request for the qualified help to the gastroenterologist of a disease of a stomach and duodenum are successfully treated by antibacterial, spasmolytic drugs, vitamin, fizio-and phytotherapy. At a secondary disease – treatment of a basic disease and therapy of associated diseases is carried out. At detection of diseases of the alimentary system or at high risk of their development doctors make the qualified recommendations about dietary food and sanatorium treatment.