Cyst of a yellow body
- Reasons of the Cyst of a yellow body
- Symptoms of the Cyst of a yellow body
- Treatment of the Cyst of a yellow body
The cyst of a yellow body is the seldom found cystous education which is arising on site the burst follicle in the second phase of a menstrual cycle and having to 6 cm a diameter.
Reasons of the Cyst of a yellow body:
Most of scientists adhere to two main theories about developing of cysts of a yellow body – hormonal and inflammatory. It is necessary that the inflammation of cysts of a yellow body is a consequence of intra secretory dysfunction. Plays a considerable role it is long the existing hyperemia owing to what processes of transudation and accumulation of liquid amplify. As a result of hyperemic transudation atretic follicles and yellow bodies have tendency to a cystous degeneration. Some authors consider an origin of cysts of a yellow body secondary changes in ovaries as a result of an inflammation of appendages of a uterus.
Symptoms of the Cyst of a yellow body:
At the description of a clinical picture of cysts of a yellow body first of all menstrual and genital function attracts attention.
At most of patients the amenorrhea lasting from 2-3 weeks up to 2-3 months during which at patients the signs typical for early stages of pregnancy (nausea, various flavoring perversions, a nagrubaniye of mammary glands and even emergence of colostrum) are noted is observed. At a bimanual research increase in the sizes of appendages of a uterus on the one hand usually is found. Sometimes development of a cyst of a yellow body is followed by emergence of pains in the bottom of a stomach. In such cases quite often mistakenly make the diagnosis to the broken extrauterine pregnancy and carry out an operative measure.
Some scientists acknowledge the possibility of a persistention of a cyst of a yellow body as a result of which the patient has an anovulation with the subsequent bleeding.
The most often found complication of cysts of a yellow body is hemorrhage in a cyst cavity. Bleeding in a cavity of a cyst of a yellow body can sometimes cause a rupture of a cyst.
Treatment of the Cyst of a yellow body:
Cysts of the small size, and also the formations of a yellow body which are not followed by complications in the form of a gap or torsion of a leg are not subject to treatment. However, at emergence of symptomatology of "acute abdomen" it is necessary to perform laparotomichesky (laparoscopic) operation on removal of a cyst of a yellow body. This operation carries the name of enucleation.