- Pasteurellosis symptoms
- Pasteurellosis reasons
- Treatment of Pasteurellosis
Pasteurellosis (hemorrhagic septicaemia) — an acute zoonotic infectious disease of which fever, intoxication, inflammations of skin, hypodermic cellulose, arthritises, osteomyelites are characteristic.
This disease is registered seldom. To the middle of the 20th century less than hundred cases of an infection at people were described. Then the disease began to be registered on only at most 5 times a year. Many animal species are a source of an infection. Most often pasteurellosis develops as a result of stings of cats and dogs. Perhaps also penetration of a disease through mucous membranes. From the person to the person of cases of infection it was not observed
At diagnosis of pasteurellosis it is necessary to consider an epidemiological factor. The most informative symptom of a disease is emergence of the expressed inflammatory pathologies, however for absolute confirmation of the diagnosis it is necessary to investigate the activator, allocated from blood, pus of abscesses, cerebrospinal liquid.
The causative agent of pasteurellosis is the gram-negative, motionless ovoidny stick of Pasteurella multocida. This microorganism very well grows and breeds on usual mediums. At Pasteurella multocida when coloring according to Romanovsky-Gimz the bipolarity is noted. It is rather unstable in the environment, during the heating and disinfection perishes. In the earth can there are about 3 — 4 days. Allocate 4 serovars of a pasterella of A, B, D and E. Takzhe the microbe is capable to produce exotoxin.
Infection atriums, as a rule, is skin on site of an animal sting. Perhaps hematogenous distribution of Pasteurella multocida with development of the centers in various bodies.
Treatment of Pasteurellosis:
The main medicines at treatment of a disease are penicillin and tetracycline, a course and a dose of treatment by which is defined depending on disease.
Preventive actions of a disease are precautions at care of animals.