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Syndactylia (syndactylia; Greek syn — together, with + dactylos a finger)
inborn full or incomplete union of fingers of a brush of foot of the separation which was not caused them in the course of embryonic development. Occurs equally often at men and women. The unilateral syndactylia is noted about 2 times to a thicket bilateral. It is quite often combined with other malformations.

Syndactylia reasons:

The syndactylia develops not caused separation of fingers in the course of embryonic development. It is transferred on the Y-linked inheritance.

Syndactylia symptoms:

Distinguish simple and difficult, full and incomplete forms C. The simple form includes a skin, multilayer and bone syndactylia; difficult — skin, multilayer, bone and combined. More often the union III and IV fingers is found, is more rare than the III—IV—V, II—III and IV fingers. The union of several fingers in a uniform conglomerate is possible, at the same time quite often there are amniotic banners. In most cases syndactylias fingers are underdeveloped and deformed. Sometimes note amniotic amputations of separate phalanxes.
The diagnosis is established on the basis of clinical and radiological data.

Деформации пальцев при синдактилии

Deformations of fingers at a syndactylia

Treatment of a syndactylia:

Treatment only surgical — separation of accrete fingers with use for closing of the formed defects of local fabrics of different types of skin plastics. At skin forms use the distraktsionny device of Gudushauri to separation of fingers. In the postoperative period appoint LFK, massage, physical therapy. The forecast concerning functions of a brush and foot usually favorable.

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