- Osteoporosis symptoms
- Osteoporosis reasons
- Treatment of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is the disease which is characterized by reduction in a bone tissue of amount of calcium, and, as a result, resulting in the increased fragility of bones. The person of mature age who has this illness can get a change at small, at first sight, bruises or falling from small height.
Osteoporosis proves a number of signs to which painful feelings in a back and bone tissues, frequent changes, change of a shape of a skeleton and a curvature of bones belong.
Most often there are fractures of a beam bone, a hip neck fracture, compression spinal fracture. Also pains in the muscular tissue surrounding a backbone as in this area the raised loading because of weakening of a skeleton is formed belong to symptoms of this disease. Osteoporosis leads to feeling of pain in shovels, deformation of a skeleton and bones.
Primary osteoporosis arises at people of advanced age, including at women is after a menopause, secondary is a consequence of disturbances of hormonal, endocrine character, diseases of internals, long-term treatment of drugs which "wash away" calcium from a bone. Therefore elderly people and to all who can suspect at themselves probability of a course of a disease should address regularly specialists for carrying out periodic researches.
The following categories of the population concern to "risk group" of the people having probability to ache with such disease as osteoporosis:
- A disease women, than men have more. Especially it concerns women after approach of a menopause if it occurred at early age or as a result of an operative measure.
- The persons leading a slow-moving life.
- The persons having chronic diseases of digestive tract.
- Patients with a chronic renal failure.
- People with genetic predisposition about osteoporosis.
- Smoking, an alcohol abuse, the use of coffee also strengthen probability of such disease as osteoporosis.
Treatment of Osteoporosis:
Today the most effective approach to treatment of post-menopausal osteoporosis is the pathogenetic pharmacotherapy at which inhibitors of a resorption of a bone tissue — a bisfosfonata are even more often applied. Now it is expensive patent drugs "Bonviva" (1 tablet a month), Aklasta (1 prick a year), "Fosavans" (active ingredient + D3 vitamin, 1 tablet in a week).
In addition to medicamentous therapy after spinal fractures physicians recommend use of the corsets supporting a back. The medical effect at reception of medicines occurs very slowly while the corset supports a backbone right after putting on. However, such corsets in an upper part press belts or other elements of a design on skin around shoulders and armpits, and clamp a stomach in the lower part a wide belt. Besides, very seldom the corset is capable to provide ventilation, and skin under it sweats and is rubbed with places.