Лимфолог – the specialist who is engaged in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of lymphatic system.
Lymphatic system consists of numerous absorbent vessels on which the lymph, and lymph nodes slowly flows. Vessels provide outflow of excess of liquid in circulatory system, and nodes protect the person from alien microorganisms and substances, and also promote maturing of immune cells.
The doctor лимфолог is engaged in diagnosis and treatment of the following diseases:
In most cases the lymphostasis of a hand is shown after removal of a breast. There is it as a result after operation natural current of a lymph is broken. Owing to what persistent hypostasis of a hand in which treatment the doctor лимфолог is engaged develops.
If hypostasis well responds to treatment, then lymphologies call it a postmastektomichesky lymphostasis. Happens that hypostasis progresses and passes into other disease – limfedy.
On consultation лимфолог defines disease severity of the patient and chooses the corresponding treatment.
The lymphostasis of the lower extremities results also from disturbance of outflow of a lymph. Happens inborn, owing to an underdevelopment of lymphatic system, or acquired, resulting from tumors, postoperative hems, traumatic damages, etc.
Treatment of a lymphostasis is divided into two stages:
Lymphoma – cancer of lymphatic system. It is characterized by existence of tumors in internals and lymphatic system. The main symptom of a lymphoma is the hyperadenosis in a groin, on a neck and in armpits which will not respond to treatment antibiotics and do not decrease in sizes.
On consultation лимфолог will tell the patient that there are two groups of tumors of lymphatic system: Hodzhkin's lymphoma and nekhodzhinsky lymphoma. The correct diagnosis of a type of a lymphoma as further treatment, and, therefore, and result depends on it is very important.
For diagnosis лимфолог uses different methods, but the main thing is the biopsy which allows to define existence of tumor cells in fabric. Besides, the doctor лимфолог uses MRT, KG and X-ray by means of which it is possible not only to reveal existence of a tumor, but also to define a disease stage.
Treatment of a lymphoma depends on its form, a stage and symptoms. If the lymphoma proceeds asymptomatically and does not develop, then it does not demand treatment. But as soon as it will begin to develop, it is necessary to start its treatment. If the tumor has local localization, then she is treated by means of radiotheraphy or chemotherapy.
Treatment of aggressive lymphoma is carried out by means of several courses of chemotherapy. If this method of treatment does not yield positive takes, carry out transplantation of stem cells or marrow.
Limfedema – the hypostasis of soft tissues resulting from disturbance of outflow of a lymph. Doctors of a lymphology divide limfedy into two types:
Sometimes, that at patients the chronic limfedema which, according to limfolog, will practically not respond to treatment develops. Such symptoms as weakness, reddening, pain and feeling of a raspiraniye in the affected extremity, disturbance of its mobility, are signs of a limfedema and demand immediate consultation from a limfolog.
Unfortunately, the limfedema will not respond to drug treatment. Antibiotics and other drugs of a lymphology are appointed only for elimination of the accompanying symptoms. In rare instances the doctor лимфолог can advise surgical treatment for removal of excess tissue of skin.
Lymphogranulomatosis, or Hodzhkin's disease – a malignant tumor of an adenoid tissue. Most often this disease meets at children's age, and also in 20 and 50 years. Exact origins of a lymphogranulomatosis are unknown. Presumably, it results from influence of a virus of Epstein-Burra which leads to a mutation in lymphocytes therefore they begin to breed uncontrolledly.
The main symptom of a lymphogranulomatosis is the painful hyperadenosis demanding urgent consultation from a limfolog.
For diagnosis of a disease лимфолог without fail appoints to the patient biochemical and general blood tests, ultrasonography of peripheral lymph nodes, a small pelvis and an abdominal cavity, and also a thorax X-ray analysis. To finalize the diagnosis, the doctor лимфолог conducts a histologic research of a sample of the tumoral fabric received as a result of a biopsy.
All these diagnostic methods help to define a form and a stage of a disease and to choose the corresponding treatment.
Before conducting diagnostic testings лимфолог on consultation conducts the patient's survey into the account of complaints and the nature of disease. Finds out a possible cause of illness then performs inspection of the damaged body part. For confirmation of the diagnosis лимфолог uses the following methods of a research:
Average life expectancy of lefthanders is less, than right-handed persons.
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