Antibiotics – – it is possible to call the chemical compounds suppressing growth of bacteria the break in the field of medicine which allowed to save mankind from many diseases incurable earlier: tuberculosis, plague, syphilis and many others. The contribution of drugs to rescue of people from epidemics of dangerous infections is huge, however at careless use antibiotics are capable to cause to an organism serious damage. Negative action can be shown in the form of easing of immunity, disturbance of balance of microflora in intestines, failures in work of kidneys, a liver, a gall bladder, allergic reactions. To prevent emergence of possible complications during therapy, doctors recommend to follow Regulations of Admission of drugs.
The course of the antibiotics killing not only disease-producing, but also beneficial bacteria, is for an organism a stress, sometimes not smaller, than a disease. In this regard doctors appoint drugs strictly according to the indication − as a rule, it is a bacterial infection with which it is difficult for organism to cope independently. Most often are signs of this state:
It is not recommended to get antibiotics on the basis of own conclusions or councils of the people who do not have medical education. It is necessary to consider that antibiotics are effective only concerning bacterial infections, being useless at treatment of the diseases caused by viruses – and they often have similar symptomatology. Definition of the exact diagnosis requires medical inspection on the basis of which the specialist can appoint antibacterial drug.
Sometimes patients adjust the drug dosage appointed by the doctor – for example, accept a double dose quicker to win against a disease, or reduce a dose that drug was "not harmful". Negative effects can be shown as follows: at increase in a dose – dysbacteriosis, an allergy, toxic defeats of an organism, at decrease – development of stability of bacteria to drug and, as a result, its uselessness. The similar effect arises in case of the termination of reception of an antibiotic before end of a course: the infection at the same time threatens to become slow, having caused complications from heart, kidneys and other internals.
Maintaining the diary of reception of an antibiotic – the measure allowing to prevent emergence of undesirable effects of therapy. During a course it is necessary to fix all data concerning administration of drugs on paper: time, a dosage, feeding habits, and also the nature of disease and the arisen complications (an allergy, disturbances of work of digestive tract, pain, etc.). On the basis of the stated data the doctor will be able to choose the safest scheme of therapy for the specific patient. Observance of this recommendation in treatment of children is especially desirable.
Duration of administration of drugs, their dosage and frequency rate depending on a look, disease, age and the weight of the patient are established by the doctor. The usual term of treatment makes 5-7 days, in certain cases – 10-14 days. Specialists recommend to keep strictly frequency rate of reception for maintenance of constant concentration of active ingredient in blood. Therapy is, as a rule, tied not so much to food (if it does not make a reservation specially), how many to a temporary interval – reception three times a day means that it is necessary to drink drug every 8 hours. At the scheme of reception 2 times a day – every 12 hours, and it is worth remembering that having rummaged more in administration of drug than for 1 hour from recommended it is capable to reduce efficiency of treatment.
Practically in all chances it is recommended to wash down antibiotics with simple still water in quantity, sufficient for a free proglatyvaniye of a tablet. Extremely use for these purposes of the drugs of milk reducing efficiency of absorption, gassy and the tonics, juice (especially citrus) and also bringing active ingredients of tea and coffee out of an organism is not approved. The combination of antibiotics to alcohol (wine, beer, vodka, cognac and other) in any doses is forbidden because of high risk of intoxication of an organism. Also it is not recommended to drink antibiotics together with febrifugal, hypnotic drugs and antihistamines.
The diet during an antibioticotherapia is capable to exert a direct impact on efficiency of treatment. The main requirement – to limit amount of food with abundance of preservatives, fast food, smoked products, a pickles, marinades, and also sweets. For maintenance of normal intestinal microflora it is recommended to include in the menu products with the high content of cellulose – fresh vegetables, fruit, bran, bread of a rough grinding. In order to avoid the load of digestive tract caused by drug intake, irritating mucous a stomach, consults during treatment to limit reception of spicy food – pepper, horse-radish, mustard and others.
Special attention should be paid to the drinking mode – during a disease better to drink not less than 2 l of liquid, having given preference to warm clear water, and also fortifying drinks (to fruit juice, tea with a lemon, to dogrose broth, etc.), but not earlier than in an hour after administration of drug.
Stomatologists appeared relatively recently. In the 19th century to pull out painful teeth belonged to duties of the ordinary hairdresser.
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