To Aktiliza – тромболитик, recombinant human fabric a plasminogen activator; the glycoprotein which is directly activating transformation of plasminogen to plasmin.
Dosage form – lyophilisate for preparation of solution for infusions: white or pale yellow weight (on 50 mg of lyophilisate and 50 ml of solvent in bottles of colourless glass, in a cardboard box 1 bottle with lyophilisate complete with 1 bottle of solvent).
To Aktiliza contains in 1 bottle:
Solvent: water for injections – 50 ml.
Use is shown to Aktiliza as a part of thrombolytic therapy of the following diseases / states:
Contraindications for patients with the increased risk of development of bleedings:
Additional contraindications for use to Aktiliza at an acute myocardial infarction and an embolism of a pulmonary artery:
Except above-mentioned contraindications, at an acute ischemic stroke Aktiliza cannot apply in the following cases:
With care, only on the basis of preliminary estimate of degree of estimated advantage of therapy and risk of bleeding, Aktiliza should appoint the patient after recent insignificant intervention with a needle at a biopsy or a puncture of large vessels, a cardiac massage at resuscitation, the executed intramuscular injection (in oil); at any diseases (which are not specified in the list of contraindications), connected with the increased risk of bleeding; in case of a concomitant use of peroral anticoagulants use of drug is shown only if anticoagulating activity according to laboratory researches is not clinically significant.
At an acute myocardial infarction and an acute embolism of a pulmonary artery in addition it is necessary to be careful at treatment of patients with the systolic ABP higher than 160 mm of mercury. and patients of advanced age as at them the risk of intracraneal hemorrhage can increase.
As the probability of positive clinical effect of this therapy at patients of advanced age rather high, despite the specified negative side effects, is required to compare estimated advantage and risk carefully.
At an acute ischemic stroke use to Aktiliza is followed by the increased threat of intracraneal hemorrhage as preferential it occurs to the necrotic area. In this connection it is required to consider in addition existence at patients of the following features:
It is impossible to begin treatment alteplazy 4,5 hours later from the moment of emergence of symptoms of a disease as it leads to decrease in positive effect, increase in mortality against the background of preliminary therapy by acetylsalicylic acid and risk of bleeding.
Lyophilisate is intended for preparation of solution for infusions by dissolution of contents of 1 bottle (50 mg) of drug in 1 bottle (50 ml) of solvent.
It is necessary to mix before full dissolution carefully, avoiding strong agitation not to allow foaming. Liquid has to have transparent colourless structure of pale yellow color without any particles.
For additional cultivation it is possible to use 0,9% chloride sodium solution.
The minimum concentration of an alteplaza in solution for infusions has to make 0,2 mg/ml.
It is impossible to dissolve further originally received solution with solution for infusions on the basis of carbohydrates or water for injections, and also to mix with other medicines in system for in/in introductions.
Aktiliza should begin use at emergence of the first symptoms of a disease.
The recommended dosing mode:
Antitrombotichesky auxiliary therapy according to the international recommendations is shown to patients with a myocardial infarction when raising a segment of ST.
After introduction Aktiliz auxiliary therapy at a thromboembolism of a pulmonary artery in the form of infusional use of heparin can be required by patients in case of exceeding of AChTV less than twice over the inborn adrenal struma (IAS).
Within the first 24 hours after an initiation of treatment of an ischemic stroke it is necessary to avoid auxiliary therapy with use of acetylsalicylic acid or in/in administrations of heparin.
The most frequent side effect of use to Aktiliza at a myocardial infarction, an embolism of a pulmonary artery or the acute period of an ischemic stroke is the bleeding leading to decrease in hemoglobin. It can occur in any cavity or a part of a body and to cause a zhizneugrozhayushchy situation, including with a lethal outcome.
Bleedings can be outside (from a nose, places of punctures, damages of blood vessels) and internal (bleedings in any cavity or a part of a body).
Drowsiness, aphasia, hemiparesis, spasms belongs to neurologic symptoms of intracranial bleeding.
Besides, use of drug at a myocardial infarction, an embolism of a pulmonary artery or the acute period of an ischemic stroke can become the reason of the following undesirable phenomena:
At treatment of a myocardial infarction development of additional undesirable effects from cardiovascular system is possible – reperfusion arrhythmias: tachycardia, premature ventricular contraction, arrhythmia, a ciliary arrhythmia, bradycardia, atrioventricular (AV) blockade from the I degree to a total block, ventricular arrhythmia, ventricular tachycardia, fibrillation of ventricles, a cardiac standstill, a lethal outcome.
Aktiliza should carry out use in the conditions of a hospital, in the presence of the standard resuscitation equipment and the corresponding medicines, under control of the doctor with experience of performing thrombolytic therapy.
Infusion is required to be accompanied with regular control of portability of treatment, especially at simultaneous use of inhibitors of an angiotensin-converting enzyme (APF). At development of anaphylactoid reaction administration of drug is stopped.
As bleeding is a frequent complication of therapy it is necessary to avoid use in oil of injections, rigid catheters, unreasonable manipulations during treatment and to watch carefully zones of possible bleeding.
Developing of bleeding can be promoted by simultaneous use of heparin. In case of development of bleeding against the background of reception of heparin within 4 next few hours the patient should appoint protamin.
At cerebral and other heavy bleedings fibrinolitic therapy and use of heparin needs to be cancelled. In case of lack of clinical effect of conservative measures for a stop of bleeding therapy is shown by blood preparations (cryoprecipitate, freshly frozen plasma and thrombocytes).
The diagnosis of a thromboembolism of a pulmonary artery demands objective confirmation by an angiography of a pulmonary artery or a tomography of lungs.
It is clinically confirmed that at an acute myocardial infarction use Aktiliz promotes decline in mortality in the first 30 days of a disease.
At treatment of an acute myocardial infarction the risk of bleeding is increased by the accompanying therapy by antagonists of a glycoprotein of IIb/IIIa, thromboembolisms – use of thrombolytic means at patients with thrombosis of the left departments of heart. The coronary thrombolysis can cause the arrhythmia connected with reperfusion.
Treatment of an ischemic stroke in the acute period should be begun only after an exception of intracranial bleeding by means of a computer or magnetic and resonant tomography of a brain.
At an acute ischemic stroke the clinical effect of therapy is lower at the patients who earlier had a stroke with the accompanying uncontrollable diabetes mellitus.
It is not recommended to apply to Aktiliza at a stroke with easy severity as potential risk from use of drug above the expected advantage.
Because of big risk of intracraneal hemorrhage and a lethal outcome the alteplaz is not recommended to apply at a severe form of a stroke.
Resuming of a blood-groove of ischemic area can cause wet brain in a heart attack zone. Because of high risk of hemorrhages it is not necessary to begin use of antiagregant within 24 hours after use of an alteplaza.
The medicines changing function of thrombocytes or influencing a blood coagulation can increase risk of bleeding.
The risk of development of anaphylactoid reactions increases at simultaneous use with alteplazy APF inhibitors.
To store in the place protected from light at a temperature up to 25 °C. To protect from children.
Period of validity – 3 years.
In the refrigerator, at a temperature of 2-8 °C, it is possible to preserve solution, ready to infusion, 24 hours; at a temperature up to 25 °C – no more than 8 hours.
The well-known drug "Viagra" was initially developed for treatment of an arterial hypertension.
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