The amenorrhea in translation from Latin means absence of monthly bleedings, that is periods. The amenorrhea is not an independent disease, it is the syndrome characteristic of many diseases, and not only a female genital, but also some general. Besides, the amenorrhea happens the woman's life, physiological, that is normal for this period. That is an age amenorrhea (at girls of prepubertal age and women who reached a menopause), an amenorrhea during pregnancy and a lactic amenorrhea.
Approach of periods is regulated by the neurohumoral mechanism which is provided employment a brain, a nervous system and hormones. Failure at any stage of this mechanism can become the amenorrhea reason. Also the physiological processes in the woman's organism which are not deviations can be the reasons of an amenorrhea. One more group of the reasons of an amenorrhea – deviations in an anatomic structure which can be inborn or acquired.
All reasons of an amenorrhea divide on primary and secondary.
Primary amenorrhea is a state when periods did not appear in general. A secondary amenorrhea – a state when already available periods for any of several reasons stopped.
Primary amenorrhea can be caused by the following reasons:
The secondary amenorrhea can be caused by the following factors:
The diagnosis of a pathological amenorrhea is made on the basis of lack of periods after approach of sixteen-year age (primary amenorrhea) or as a result of the termination of periods more than for half a year (a secondary amenorrhea).
Diagnostic events are held for the purpose of clarification of a reason for rejection, and depending on a form (primary amenorrhea or a secondary amenorrhea) have some differences.
At primary amenorrhea carry surely out karyotyping – the genetic diagnosis consisting in a research of chromosomal complement. Carry out collecting the family anamnesis, for the purpose of identification of possible genetic predisposition. Also ultrasonography of bodies of a small pelvis, gynecologic inspection, definition of the hormonal status in dynamics is applied. Depending on the found deviations these or those additional researches can be appointed.
Diagnosis of a secondary amenorrhea includes gynecologic survey, ultrasonography including intravaginalny ultrasonography, blood tests, urine, bacteriological crops of allocations of a vagina, hormonal diagnosis, a research of immune system, an endoscopic research of internal generative organs. At suspicion on tumoral process CT (computer tomography) or MRT (magnetic and resonant tomography) carry out.
Treatment of an amenorrhea consists in elimination of the reason which caused its emergence. General scheme of treatment of an amenorrhea is as follows:
Besides, the most important condition of successful treatment of an amenorrhea in any its form, is normalization of a way of life in general. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, with sufficient, but not excessive physical activity and healthy nutrition is necessary.
Treatment of an amenorrhea folk remedies can be effective only if the amenorrhea is caused by inflammatory processes or the psychoemotional reasons. In all other cases correction can be made only by the qualified medical intervention.
For elimination of the inflammatory reasons of an amenorrhea, folk remedies usually present themselves the officinal herbs in the form of broths and infusions applied or locally in the form of trays and syringings, or in the form of teas for the purpose of the general strengthening of an organism. As anti-inflammatory drugs apply broths and infusions of an acorus, eucalyptus, train, celandine, St. John's Wort, coltsfoot, sage, a camomile pharmaceutical and other officinal herbs. As fortifying – juice an aloe, a St. John's Wort, an inula, a rue fragrant. Also as the fortifying and immunostimulating folk remedies at an amenorrhea use honey and other products of beekeeping: pollen, uterine bee milk.
In the presence of the psychoemotional reasons of an amenorrhea, folk remedies are applied as soft soothing. These are tinctures or teas from a motherwort, a yarrow, a valerian, a peppermint, a melissa, a valerian, hop.
Before carrying out treatment of an amenorrhea by folk remedies, it is necessary to consult with the doctor and to undergo diagnosis, and also to be convinced of lack of allergic reaction to the applied means.
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