a href="azotemija-1.jpg" tppabs="www.medicalmed.de/images/stories2/zabolevanija/azotemija-1.jpg" rel="lytebox">The increased content in blood of the person of nitrogenous products of exchange, preferential proteinaceous origin to which leads disturbance of secretory function of kidneys is called an azotemia.
Distinguish three types of an azotemia – prerenalny, renal and prerenal, differing in the origin reasons, however possessing similar characteristics, namely:
For definition like azotemia in vitro on the basis of blood test define an urea nitrogen ratio index to creatinine. So, if the indicator less than 15 – at the patient is renal type of a disease, more than 15 – prerenalny, much more 15 – prerenal.
As it was told above, in medicine distinguish three types of a disease differing from each other in an origin. So the prerenalny azotemia is a consequence of disturbance of blood supply of kidneys because of:
Renal are the main reasons for an azotemia:
Uraemia is a consequence of this type of a disease.
The main reasons for an azotemia prerenal any mechanical obstacles of outflow of urine – stones in an ureter, tumors of a bladder or a prostate, a prelum of an ureter as the uterus increased in a size (act at pregnancy).
The condition of the patient at an azotemia worsens in process of development of other symptoms of a basic disease, and also increase of quantity of nitrogenous products of exchange in blood. The main symptoms of an azotemia are:
The disease also causes a number of symptoms from various systems of an organism, namely:
Also distinguish apathy, block and strong weakness of the patient from symptoms of an azotemia.
For statement of the right diagnosis and the subsequent treatment the patient should address for consultation the nephrologist or the urologist. Doctors will channelize on performing the general blood test and urine, and also will define an index of a ratio of quantity of an urea nitrogen to creatinine that will allow to learn with what type of an azotemia the patient is sick.
At timely diagnosis and use of adequate treatment of an azotemia the probability of an absolute recovery is maximum. In cases when the patient asks for medical assistance with a considerable delay, to achieve an absolute recovery much more difficult, even at intensive treatment and correction the threat of a chronic renal failure is high.
Treatment of an azotemia usually includes:
So, the azotemia arises owing to disturbance of work of kidneys which leads to accumulation of nitrogenous products of exchange in blood. Allocate three types of a disease, each of which possesses characteristics, similar to two other types, however differs in origins.
For prevention of a disease it is recommended to avoid overcooling and to treat timely diseases of kidneys and urethral system. Independent diagnosis and treatment of an azotemia can lead to a chronic renal failure therefore at manifestation of the first symptoms it is necessary to ask for the help the specialist.
According to researches, the women drinking several glasses of beer or wine in a week have the increased risk to develop breast cancer.
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