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Plagiotsefaliya (plagiocephalia) - asymmetry of a calvaria quite often occurs at babies aged from the birth up to one year of life. Almost every twentieth baby has this or that degree of a plagiotsefaliya.

Plagiotsefaliya reasons:

Especially often it is observed at an inborn muscular wryneck at which every third baby finds a plagiotsefaliya.

Symptoms plagiotsefaliya:

Plagiotsefaliya represents bilateral asymmetry of a calvaria on one party frontal and diagonalno to it the located oktsipitalny area of a calvaria are flattened while opposite frontal and oktsipitalny areas are more convex and evaginated. Plagiotsefaliya is considered right-hand if the right frontal area and left occipital is flattened, left-side — when flattening left frontal and right occipital areas.

If to look at a skull from above, from a darkness, then at a plagiotsefaliya its long axis is displaced from the sagittal plane to the right or to the left depending on the struck party. If to look in front, then the half of the face on side of the flattened frontal area seems more widely than an opposite half of the face. The ear on this party is located kzad and is sometimes closer to calvaria top, than on the opposite side.

In most cases an inborn wryneck the plagiotsefaliya happens concordant, i.e. located on the same party, as struck грудино - a clavicular and mamillar muscle, and is very rare, located from the opposite side. Plagiotsefaliya is usually inborn. Cases of the acquired plagiotsefaliya developing at an inborn wryneck in the first 3 — 6 months of life of the baby are described (Jones, 1968). The acquired plagiotsefaliya is always concordant to a wryneck. Plagiotsefaliya is observed also at infantile idiopathic and inborn scolioses.

Деформация черепа при плагиоцефалии

Deformation of a skull at a plagiotsefaliya

Treatment of a plagiotsefaliya:

Conservative treatment assumes long carrying a special correctional shlen. Also operational treatment is applied.

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