- Symptoms of Fistulas
- Reasons of Fistulas
- Treatment of Fistulas
Fistula or fistula (Latin fistula — a tube) — the channel connecting among themselves or external environment hollow bodies or a tumor to a surface or any perigastrium. Usually has an appearance of the narrow channel covered by an epithelium.
In character distinguish the fistulas formed owing to this or that pathological process and the fistulas formed after surgery which was done with the purpose of assignment of contents of this or that hollow body.
Symptoms of Fistulas:
All fistulas divide on their localization in an organism:
* Fistula gastric — the fistula arising after surgical interventions, for example after a stomach resection
* Rectal fistulas
- Anorectal fistula - the pathological channel going from an anus or a rectum to skin
- Pararectal fistula — fistula from a proctal crypt outside to skin
* Fistula rectovaginal — damage of a rectovaginal partition
* Duodenal — outside fistula of a duodenum
* Bronchial fistula — the pathological message of a gleam of a bronchial tube with a pleural cavity
Fistula is gastric.
Gastric fistula is result of surgery. When for any reason radical gullet operation cannot be carried out, impose gastric fistula. This operation is called a gastrostomy.
Reasons of Fistulas:
The pus formed as a result of disintegration of the inflammatory center lays itself a way outside. The channel via which pus follows outside after elimination of inflammatory process usually begins to live. But if inflammatory process is not liquidated and in the depth of fabrics there is an infected cavity, sometimes with the sequester, then this channel does not grow together, and purulent fistula forms. Fistulas from fangs through a bone of a jaw and a gum sometimes arise at chronic periodontitis. Purulent fistulas are often formed after nonperforating gunshot wounds if the bullet or splinters were not removed quickly, around them suppuration develops. Fistulas arise also at suppuration of seams around ligatures, any foreign matters, bone sequesters which remained deeply in fabrics.
Treatment of Fistulas:
Removal of foreign bodys around which the cavity, mechanical and chemical clarification of a cavity and a section of the channel of fistula was formed.