DE   EN   ES   FR   IT   PT

Liver diseases


The liver protects all our bodies from influence of aggressive external environment. We daily inhale and we receive huge amounts of harmful and toxic agents with food. Our liver is not expected so high toxic loading, and it does not manage to neutralize all poisons completely.
The liver is the most massive internal body in a human body, it weighs 1,2 – 1,5 kg at adults, and its weight makes about 5% of body weight at children and about 2% - at adults.

Анатомическое строение печени

Anatomic structure of a liver

Symptoms of Diseases of a liver:

Many diseases of a liver at initial stages proceed asymptomatically, without target inspection it is possible and not to pay attention to the happening changes since the liver is capable to perform the functions at 20% of the kept healthy fabric. Sometimes the person learns about a liver disease accidentally, having made blood tests at inspection concerning other pathology.

Symptoms of pathology of a liver are poor, often do not attach them due significance: unmotivated fatigue, a loss of appetite, bad portability of greasy food, bitterness in a mouth, feeling of discomfort in right hypochondrium

If in time not to stop pathological process, the disease will pass into the chronic form which worse is giving in to active treatment which result to a large extent depends on a process stage.

For this reason it is very important to receive the rational treatment providing achievement of a positive take at early stages of process.

Reasons of Diseases of a liver:

The factors affecting a liver:

• Through breath ograna:
  – Exhaust gases
  – Gasoline vapors
  – Heavy metals
  – Carcinogens

• Alcohol
• Smoking
• Through food stuffs:
  – Nitrates
  – Preservatives
  – Dyes
  – Thickeners
  – Hormones (meat)
• Drugs

Treatment of Diseases of a liver:

In treatment of pathology of a liver keeps the value the basic therapy of diseases of a liver based on recommendations about the diet, the mode and use etiotropic (influencing a cause of illness) and pathogenetic (influencing the mechanism of development of a disease) therapies.

Diet. Chemical composition of a diet: proteins of 100-110 g, fats of 60-70 g, carbohydrates of 450-550 g. Caloric content of a diet makes: 3000-3200 kcal. Dietary recommendations at liver pathology pathogenetic are proved as at liver diseases, as a rule, there is a lack of vitamins and microelements, and also function of synthesis of protein suffers.

It should be noted that food at cirrhosis differs from the general dietary principles for "hepatic" patients that is explained by development of an edematous syndrome (accumulation of liquid in an abdominal cavity, hypostases of the lower extremities), and also threat of development of a liver failure, complications from a brain (hepatic encephalopathy and a coma).

Mode. Shchazheniye on exercise stresses - whenever possible release from hard physical activity, in the middle of the day short-term rest. In the period of the expressed activity of process in a liver a bed or semi-bed rest.

Treatment: Causal treatment of alcoholic damages of a liver consists in full and unconditional refusal of alcohol. At toxic and dosage forms of a disease of a liver it is necessary to stop contact with the toxic agent, to cancel "guilty" medicine. For treatment of virus damages of a liver viruses B and C proved efficiency of antiviral means (alpha interferon, a lamivudin and a ribavirin). The choice of drug and the scheme of treatment in each case is defined by the attending physician.

Drugs, drugs, tablets for treatment of Diseases of a liver:

It is worth turning a vnimeniye:

  • Сайт детского здоровья