- Pharyngitis reasons
- Pharyngitis symptoms
- Treatment of Pharyngitis
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of a mucous membrane and an adenoid tissue of a throat which can proceed in acute or chronic, with periodic aggravations, forms. On an anatomic rasprostanennost pharyngitis can cover upper (nasopharyngitis) and average (mesopharyngitis) departments of a throat. At acute inflammatory process in a drink small-celled infiltration of her mucous membrane, with a hyperemia (reddening) and puffiness is observed. Usually inflammatory reaction is most expressed in the field of the greatest accumulation of an adenoid tissue.
Chronic pharyngitis is more often diagnosed for persons of middle and advanced age, is more often at males.
The inflammation of an upper part of a throat most often has a virus etiology, is more rare - bacterial. The disease is diagnosed for children of younger and middle age, especially if the child has different diathesis. The microorganisms causing an acute inflammation of an upper part of a throat are streptococci, diplococcuses, staphylococcus and other bacteria which often are a part of the saprophytic microflora inhabiting a cavity a stomatopharynx cavity.
The descending way of a rasprostaraneniye of an infection from a stomatopharynx cavity is characteristic of a mesopharyngitis. Releasers of development of an inflammation are overcooling, a gas contamination and an obsemenennost of the environment, active and passive smoking. The acute mesopharyngitis is quite often diagnosed against the background of other diseases - diseases of blood, an urinary system, respiratory infections.
Chronic pharyngitis is result of an infection hronifikation after the postponed acute pharyngitis. Chronic pharyngitis quite often accompanies disbolism, cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal tract diseases. The aggravation of a chronic inflammation of a throat is connected with the external reasons - overcooling, decrease in immunity after the postponed intercurrent diseases.
Symptoms of pharyngitis depend on a phase of a disease and the nature of inflammatory reaction.
Complaints to morbidity when swallowing are characteristic of acute pharyngitis, cough which has most often dry character in the first 3 days, and then - wet. The phlegm carries mucous or purulent character. Fervescence to 38 C, the general weakness, fatigue is characteristic. Quite often acute pharyngitis is followed by lymphadenitis of submaxillary lymph nodes. At a diagnostic indirect laringoskopiya reddening and puffiness of an epiglottis, arytenoid cartilages, arytenoid and epiglottidean folds takes place. At untimely or inadequate treatment process can pass into a chronic form.
Sleduyut symptoms of acute pharyngitis to differentiate with displays of quinsy. Acute tonsillitis (quinsy) call a local inflammation of palatine tonsils; at acute pharyngitis inflammatory process accepts more diffuse character, and symptoms of acute tonsillitis (pain when swallowing, temperature increase, increase in cervical lymph nodes) are supplemented with symptoms of an inflammation of walls of a throat: irritation and dryness in a throat, dry cough.
Chronic pharyngitis is subdivided into such forms as idle time (i.e. catarral), hypertrophic granulosa and atrophic.
Catarral and hypertrophic chronic pharyngitis is followed by irritation and unpleasant feelings in a throat, increase in salivation. These symptoms are more inherent in hypertrophic pharyngitis. Also the feeling of a mortgaging of ears for which elimination the patient is forced to make several deglutitory movements is characteristic.
For atrophic pharyngitis complaints to dryness in a throat, difficulty when swallowing are inherent. The Faringoskopichesky picture not always corresponds to degree of manifestation of the shown complaints.
Treatment of Pharyngitis:
At treatment of pharyngitis it is necessary to consider pathogenetic and etiological aspects of development of a disease. It is necessary to sanify (to eliminate) the possible centers of persistent infection in an organism - carious cavities, hronichsky tonsillitis, chronic sinusitis, etc.
Irrigation of a mucous membrane of a throat in the form of inhalations, aerosols, drops in a nose is shown.
At hypertrophic pharyngitis use warm solutions of sodium bicarbonate or sodium of chloride. For puffiness reduction the stomatopharynx is greased with solution of a tannin, pointwise apply protargol solution. The large granules which are quite often formed at granulosa pharyngitis are shown to be deleted with a cryolysis method.
At atrophic pharyngitis irrigation is shown by iodic solution or solution of Lugol. Sodium the hydrocarbonate, eucalyptus oil are contraindicated since they promote drying of a mucous membrane.
The sparing diet, with an exception of acute is necessary for the patient, plentiful warm drink is also necessary, imposing of applications with propolis is possible. For preparation of application mix propolis with glycerin at the rate of 1:2 and impose once a day.