- Symptoms of Postvaccinal reaction
- Reasons of Postvaccinal reaction
- Treatment of Postvaccinal reaction
Postvaccinal reactions - the changes in an organism connected with vaccination, which are taking place within physiological changes do not leave effects for an organism. Postvaccinal reactions are not long (from several hours to several days).
Postvaccinal reactions can affect only a vaccine injection site (local postvaccinal reactions) or all organism (the general postvaccinal reactions).
Symptoms of Postvaccinal reaction:
Local postvaccinal reactions can be shown by reddening, consolidation, morbidity in a vaccine injection site. In consolidation size local postvaccinal reactions divide on weak (up to 5 cm), averages (5-8 cm) and strong (more than 8 cm).
The general postvaccinal reactions can be shown by fervescence, weakness, slackness or on the contrary, tearfulness. In size of rise in temperature the general postvaccinal reactions are divided on weak (fervescence to 38C), averages (from 38C to 40C) and strong (higher than 40 ˚).
On introduction of modern vaccines average and strong postvaccinal reactions are noted seldom. If strong postvaccinal reaction arose, then such name of a vaccine in the subsequent to the child is not entered – the contraindication is established.
Reasons of Postvaccinal reaction:
Introduction of any vaccine is followed by changes in an organism: immunity begins to form, protective antibodys in blood are formed, prepare for "protection" of a blood cell. Sometimes these processes are followed by clinical symptoms.
Treatment of Postvaccinal reaction:
Important should consider constant medical observation for imparted in the postvaccinal period, to preserve them against excessive exercise and mental stresses. It is necessary to pay attention and to food of children before and after vaccination. It is especially important for the children having food allergy. They should not receive during vaccination food which caused allergic reactions earlier, and also the products which are not used earlier and containing obligate allergens (eggs, chocolate, a citrus, caviar, fish, etc.).
Crucial importance plays the prevention in the postvaccinal period of infectious diseases. It is not necessary to raise for parents a question of immediate carrying out inoculations before receipt or right after arrival of the child in child care or preschool institution. In child care facility the child gets to conditions of a big microbic and virus obsemenennost, it changes the usual mode, there is an emotional stress, all this adversely influences his health and therefore it is incompatible with an inoculation.