Schizoid frustration of the personality
- Symptoms of Schizoid frustration of the personality
- Reasons of Schizoid frustration of the personality
- Treatment of Schizoid frustration of the personality
Schizoid frustration of the personality (from other - Greek — "I split"); устар. a schizoid psychopathy — the frustration of the personality which is characterized by tendency to avoid emotionally rich relationship by excessive theorizing, short circuit in itself, leaving in the imagination. Besides, schizoid personalities are often inclined not to attach significance to the prevailing social norms. It is included in MKB-10 and DSM-IV.
Symptoms of Schizoid frustration of the personality:
According to MKB-10 this mental disorder is diagnosed with the general diagnostic criteria of frustration of the personality, and plus to them three and more of the following signs:
a) Little nothing gives pleasure or in general
b) Emotional coldness, the aloof or flattened affectivity
c) Inability to show warm, tender feelings in relation to other people, as well as anger
d) Weak response both to a praise, and to criticism
e) Insignificant interest in sexual contacts with other person (in view of age)
e) The increased concern in imaginations and introspection
g) Almost invariable preference of lonely activity
h) A noticeable emotional impoverishment to the prevailing social norms and conditions
i) Absence of close friends or confidential bonds (or existence of only one) and lack of desire to have such bonds
autistic persons with dominance of sensitive lines ("mimozopodobnost" with the supersensitive internal organization and exposure to psychogenias with astheno-depressive type of reactions)
stenichny schizos with the high performance in narrow fields of activity which is combined with the formal (dry) pragmatism and separate lines of despotism characterizing the interpersonal relations.
Reasons of Schizoid frustration of the personality:
In psychoanalysis schizoid frustration of the personality is understood as a condition of the person with the schizoid type of the personality which is at the boundary level of development of the organization of the personality. Psychoanalysts believe that the person with such type of the personality can be also on neurotic (that corresponds to aktsentuation in domestic psychology) and psychotic level, but personal features, characteristic of this type, will remain at the same time.
It is considered that the support on protective imagination — leaving in inner world, imaginations is characteristic of the schizoid organization of the personality. Besides, one of the most characteristic protection for the schizo is intellectualization which allows to reduce emotional value of the events, without losing with it touch. Besides, schizoid personalities often rely on sublimation which can lean on fruits of the rich imagination of the schizo.
It is supposed that primary conflict creating a schizoid personality lies in the area of the relations and concerns rapprochement/distance problems. The schizo constantly maintains a considerable distance with people because of what eternally is eager for proximity. At the same time, the proximity is associated at it with disturbance of borders and absorption that forces the schizo to keep a distance, for ensuring own safety. Eccentricity, ignoring of social norms is often characteristic of schizoid personalities. One of explanations of this feature is that schizos understand "similarity" to others as a condition of "preoccupation". The schizo can use the considerable efforts not to fit into any framework.
The hypothesis of influence of contradictory double messages on formation in the child of schizoid type of the personality has considerable popularity.
Treatment of Schizoid frustration of the personality:
Therapy of schizoid personalities, in general, takes place rather comfortably for psychoanalytic the oriented therapists. One of possible difficulties which should be expected is transition of dialogue with the client to the abstract and theoretical level which is too torn off from reality. Schizos are inclined to it, and the therapist can be also fond of such manner of communication. To demand meanwhile persistently from the schizoid client that he "expressed normally" — inadmissibly as the therapist not capable to accept an extraordinary way of thinking of the client is perceived by the schizo as not empatichny, not interested in it.
The common problems arising during the work with the schizoid client concern that is predictable, distance questions between the client and the therapist.
Despite relative emotional comfort, psychoanalytic therapy of schizoid personalities takes long time and causes many difficulties.