Degerativny diseases of joints
- Symptoms of Degerativny diseases of joints
- Reasons of Degerativny diseases of joints
- Treatment of Degerativny diseases of joints
Degerativny diseases of joints, apparently, can be carried to the most widespread damages of joints. Unlike other forms of arthritises, degerativny diseases of joints are not frustration of inflammatory type and are not followed by erubescence, increase in local temperature and hypostases. Mechanical wear of joints is the cornerstone of this disease. At degerativny diseases of joints there are disturbances of cartilages on the ends of the bones forming synovial joints. Cartilages become yellow, less strong. On their surface dimples appear, and over time there is their destruction. Having lost protective laying, bones in a joint begin to touch each other. As a result of continuous friction the shape of bones changes and restriction of mobility of a joint develops. Quite often in a cavity of a joint there is a formation of the painful thorns strengthening discomfort. Process of destruction of a bone lasts for many years, and disturbances in joints often are found at accidental X-ray inspections. Sometimes by this time any symptoms are not noted. In process of progressing of a disease joint pains and restrictions of their functions develop. At DZS damage only of one joint is quite often observed. The most vulnerable are the joints of hands and other joints which are exposed to the raised loading, including coxofemoral and knee, and also backbone joints.
Symptoms of Degerativny diseases of joints:
Often at DZS sharply expressed frustration are not noted. There can be joint pains and disturbances of their functions. Quite often they are observed only in one joint. Usually pains amplify at load of a joint and by the end of day. In rare instances there is lameness. Sometimes there is a formation of bone outgrowths on the ends of bones or in joints — on brush fingers. More often similar frustration arise at women.
Reasons of Degerativny diseases of joints:
The reasons of DZS remain obscure. Perhaps, it is result of anomalies of a structure or structure of a cartilage or its destruction by the enzymes which are present at joint liquid. Some scientists suggest about participation in this process of immune system and existence of genetic predisposition.
Allocate primary and secondary DZS forms. Primary forms of a disease often proceed more hard. They are followed by puffiness and erubescence, increase in local temperature inherent to all arthritises, and also find communication, clearer in comparison with other arthritises, hereditary burdeness.
The DZS secondary forms are most often connected with the injury of a joint raised by loading, infections and other factors. The risk of a course of a disease increases in the presence of the excess weight because in this case excessive load of joints is created. People who owing to the profession experience an adverse effect of loading, for example working with a jackhammer, construction workers and pianists, and also athletes fall into a similar state. At women more often than at men, DZS is observed. Usually the disease develops aged 40 years are more senior, and further the frequency of frustration increases.
Treatment of Degerativny diseases of joints:
For reduction of an inflammation and pains various drugs are appointed. When the inflammation of a joint can be connected with stay in his cavity of fine particles, most likely bones, suction of synovial fluid sometimes practices. For this purpose the joint puncture by means of a special needle becomes and through the formed opening the syringe from a joint liquid is removed, and a cortisone quantity (solution of steroid drug) is superseded. Though the cortisone removes an inflammation, it can be used only in the form of limited number of injections. Sometimes there is a need for surgical interventions, even such as full plastics of a hip joint. If necessary decrease in gross weight is made and the physical exercises directed to maintenance of normal position of a joint and strengthening of muscles for suspension of disease process are appointed.