- Tuberkuloma's symptoms
- Tuberkuloma's reasons
- Tuberkuloma's treatment
Tuberkuloma of lungs is characterized by existence of various genesis, as a rule, of the education encapsulated with dominance caseose it is more than 10 mm in the diameter with scanty clinic.
In structure for the first time of the revealed suffering from tuberculosis respiratory organs of a tuberkulom makes 6-10%.
Most often the tuberkuloma arises at persons of young age – 20-40 years.
On the pathomorphologic classification offered by M. M. Averbakh (1969) distinguish to tuberkuly:
Infiltrative and pneumonic type (the roundish center of desquamative and necrotic pneumonia without capsule).
Caseoma (encapsulated caseoses of homogeneous, konglomerativny or layered structure).
The clinic of a tuberkuloma depends on its character, size, and also on a process phase. At a stable state painful symptoms are absent. They arise at a process aggravation when focus in a lung increases and furthermore it is softened with formation of a kaveryona. Then there are intoxication symptoms, cough with expectoration, a pneumorrhagia.
In most cases the tuberkuloma forms in the course of chemotherapy (80%) or is spontaneous from: infiltrative tuberculosis, caseous pneumonia, focal tuberculosis, (konglomerirovaniye of the centers), destructive tuberculosis (obliteration of a bronchial tube and filling of a cavity to caseoses).
Occasionally the tuberkuloma can be created from a pulmonary component of primary complex.
Treatment of a tuberkuloma is similar to that at a pulmonary tuberculosis.