- Exophthalmos symptoms
- Exophthalmos reasons
- Treatment of the Exophthalmos
Exophthalmos – morbid condition at which it is stuck out one or both eyeglobes.
the ustoronny exophthalmos can become result of hypostasis and lymphoid infiltration of eye fabrics. Uncontrollable protrusion of one eye, as a rule, has prevoprichiny hemorrhage or inflammatory process of an eye-socket or the next nasal bosoms. If the exophthalmos develops within 2-3 weeks, it is possible to allow chronic inflammatory process of an eye-socket or existence pseudo of a tumor (cellular infiltration of not tumoral nature). Slower development of an exophthalmos forces to suspect a true tumor.
Arteriovenous aneurism near a carotid artery and a cavernous sine can lead to the pulsing exophthalmos and specific noise. Its emergence after damage, most likely, is caused by a carotid and cavernous fistula what it is possible to make sure when holding a procedure of auscultation of an eyeglobe of. The injury or an infection, in particular front, can cause thrombosis of a tricky sine which will be followed by a unilateral exophthalmos and fever. Unilateral high short-sightedness or a meningioma can lead to a unilateral exophthalmos.
As the reason of emergence of an exophthalmos inflammatory processes, hypostases, tumors or an injury of an eye-socket, fibrinferment of a cavernous sine or increase in the sizes of the eyeglobe (for example can serve, at hereditary glaucoma or unilateral high short-sightedness).
Treatment of the Exophthalmos:
Treatment of an exophthalmos directly depends on a cause of illness.
If there is a need, on the general carotid artery impose a ligature or make selective embolization of the site of arteriovenous aneurism.
The exophthalmos connected with a hyperthyroidism can decrease after reduction in norm of function of a thyroid gland, however in certain cases it remains, and then the surgical decompression of an eye-socket is required.
Quite often system use of corticosteroids with the purpose to reduce hypostasis and pseudo a tumor (for example, Prednisonum in 1 mg/kg daily within a week, then every other day within 5 weeks brings benefit; after that the dose is gradually reduced to the minimum supporting).
Tumors need to be deleted.