- Hypertrichosis reasons
- Hypertrichosis symptoms
- Treatment of a hypertrichosis
The hypertrichosis is an excess growth of hair on any body parts including on where growth of hair is not caused by action of androgens. Unlike a hirsutism which is observed only at women the hypertrichosis is diagnosed for both floors in different age categories.
Genetic mutations at which the structure of epithelial cells changes and they gain ability to be transformed to epidermal cells, are the frequent reason of a hypertrichosis. To mutations give the wrong course of pregnancy, infectious diseases in the first trimester, the gene further mutated is fixed in a genome and becomes the hypertrichosis reason in succeeding generations.
Modern observations in the field of a trichology say that symptoms of a hypertrichosis can appear because of awakening of hair follicles that is a harbinger of malignant tumors. Sometimes the hypertrichosis comes to light several years prior to emergence of a tumor and in 90% of patients with a hypertrichosis over time various onkoprotsessa come to light.
Use of medicines from group of streptomycin, cephalosporins, penicillin, corticosteroids and psoralenovy, have side effect in the form of hypertrichosis signs.
The hypertrichosis is one of symptoms of craniocereberal injuries, dermatomycoses, a violent epidermolysis. At nervous exhaustion and nervous anorexia the symptomatology of a hypertrichosis can be especially explicit.
After injuries including thermal, on site a hem the local hypertrichosis can be noted. At the same time other body parts have normal indumentum. The traumatic hypertrichosis can arise because of constant wrest of hair in a face. As a result vellus hair grow coarse, become thicker and more dark, their more expressed growth is noted.
Malformations of bone system, for example splitting of a handle of a vertebra and malformations of mentality are often combined with clinical manifestations of a hypertrichosis.
The hypertrichosis is shown by the excess growth of hair in those places where it is not considered norm taking into account age, sex and an ethnic origin. So, growth of hair standing and hips at women of the Mediterranean is norm. But the same manifestation at girls and representatives of Asian nationalities already manifestations of a hypertrichosis.
At men the hypertrichosis is shown by the excess growth of hair on spin and shoulders and is an atavism symptom. In the form of atavism the hypertrichosis is shown right after the birth. The baby has a large number of long or vellus hair. At the same time the face and palms can be covered with hair too. Before such children killed, now a hypertrichosis rather successfully treat.
For children the hypertrichosis is diagnosed more often together with a nevus. The limited hypertrichosis at children and at adults can be shown in the form of an union of eyebrows. At men the hypertrichosis is shown in the form of the excess growth of hair in the face, spin and legs.
Treatment of a hypertrichosis:
For exact establishment of the diagnosis of a hypertrichosis of one manifestations insufficiently. It is necessary to exclude the hormonal nature of a disease and a hirsutism. In addition to visit of the dermatologist, it will be necessary to undergo inspection at the endocrinologist and the gynecologist. Therefore the individual scheme of treatment of a hypertrichosis is selected.
If hormonal disturbances are not revealed, then treatment of a hypertrichosis consists a hair at a distance. Independent correction of a hypertrichosis in a face by means of tweezers and wax plates leads to strengthening of symptomatology. The only reliable method of therapy of a hypertrichosis is the electric epilation.
In particular at children before the end of puberty apply decolouration of hair by means of 3% of peroxide of hydrogen to correction of a hypertrichosis or delete surplus of hair by means of special creams.
For correction of a hypertrichosis by means of an electric epilation it is necessary to refuse other methods of removal of hair. The needle bent at right angle is entered deeply into a follicle and influence electric discharge a hair bulb. Also affect several nearby hairs. After extraction of a needle, hairs are carefully taken tweezers. They have to leave independently without any efforts, otherwise the procedure needs to be repeated. The electroepilation session at a hypertrichosis occupies about half an hour. For one session moves away from several, to several tens hair depending on sensitivity of the patient to the procedure. At a chin hypertrichosis within a year do about 60 procedures, the area epilation over an upper lip will take three months before half a year then symptoms of a hypertrichosis will completely disappear. Many resort to this procedure and at a hirsutism, however it is ineffective as pathology arises because of hormonal disturbances, and hair grow again.
If the epilation at a hypertrichosis is painful, then resort to local anesthesia. Hypostasis and an insignificant erythema after the procedure pass during the day. For the entire period of an electroepilation it is necessary to use sun-protection means to prevent a dot hyperpegmentation.
Resort to an electroepilation at a hypertrichosis of a thorax, stomach and pubis as ordinary shaving and removal of hair by means of wax leads to more intensive growth of hair.
As the mutation of genes is the main reason for a hypertrichosis, researches in the field of correction of a genome will help to develop new techniques of treatment of a hypertrichosis at which succeeding generations will be saved from probability of its emergence.