- Teniosis symptoms
- Teniosis reasons
- Treatment of the Teniosis
Teniosis (Latin Taeniosis) — the helminthosis from group of tsestodoz which is characterized by damage of a small intestine.
The pork tapeworm lives in an upper part of a small intestine. Being fixed to a mucous membrane by suckers and kryuchyam, it irritates an intestinal wall. Also other mechanisms of pathogenic action, such as toksiko-allergic influence of waste products, absorption of nutrients strobily helminth, etc. are expressed.
From other symptoms patients note nausea, sometimes vomiting and an unstable chair, abdominal pains, headaches, a govokruzheniye, a sleep disorder. Changes from blood are not characteristic, at some patients the eosinophilia and hypochromia anemia is noted.
The invasion is dangerous in connection with a possibility of endogenous infection with cysticercosis.
Diagnosis of a teniosis.
Diagnosis of a teniosis is based on the same methods which apply to diagnosis of a teniarinkhoz: poll about otkhozhdeniya of joints, their macroscopic research and detection of oncospheres at microscopy of scraping, print or excrements. However all of them are less effective.
Oncospheres of a pork tapeworm are morphologically indistinguishable from oncospheres of a bull tapeworm. Therefore at their detection the laboratory has to give the answer, without specifying a look: eggs or oncospheres of Taeniidae sp are found. It is possible to define their specific accessory only after the macroscopic research of the allocated mature joints which differ at these helminths on number of side branches of a uterus (at their pork tapeworm 8 - 12, at bull 18-32, beginning from one party).
The teniosis activator - Taenia solium (Linnaeus, 1758) the - the armed, pork tapeworm.
The body of the armed tapeworm has the flat tape-like form, consists of a scolex, necks, strobiles which contains 800 - 1000 joints and reaches 1,5 - 2 m (more rare than 3 - 4 m) in length. The pork tapeworm differs from bull not only in the smaller length and quantity of proglottids, but also a structure of a scolex and joints. Important difference consists also that eggs of a pork tapeworm of an invazionna for the person, unlike eggs of a bull tapeworm.
The scolex of the small sizes (1-2 mm in the diameter) has four muscular suckers and on the proboscis located at scolex top, a double crown крючьев, number 22 - 32 (from where and the name "armed"). Unripe joints of a front part strobiles sexless, width of their more than length. Hermaphroditic joints of an average and back third by outward and a form very remind those at T. saginatus, however slightly more thinly, more gently, is more transparent. They have square, the extended form passing in and differ in an ovary structure that is the main differential sign: an ovary in a hermaphroditic joint of T. solum, in addition to two big shares (blades) characteristic of an ovary of a bull tapeworm, has the additional third segment located on that half of a joint where there is a sexual hillock.
The mature joint is filled with the uterus consisting of the central trunk with side branches which number does not exceed 8 - 12 from each party. Besides, joints have no independent activity - it is important difference. Each of them contains from 30 to 50 thousand eggs.
The eggs containing shestikryuchny germs - oncospheres, a rounded oval form of 28 in size - 40 x 28 - 38 microns. The outside gentle cover of egg in external environment collapses quickly and released the oncosphere covered with dense radially scherchenny cover of yellowy-brown color. Oncospheres of wine and bull tapeworms are almost indistinguishable therefore it is possible to determine a look тениид only by morphological features of the allocated mature joints of helminth.
Treatment of the Teniosis:
The diagnosis is established on the basis of a clinical picture, results of a careful numerous research of excrements on oncospheres of a pork tapeworm, a research of perianal scraping.
Treatment is carried out in the conditions of a hospital by phenasal or radio extract of a men's fern. It is necessary to take measures for the prevention of vomiting to exclude hit of eggs from intestines in a stomach (absolute rest, a hot-water bottle or mustard plasters on area of an epigastrium).
The forecast serious in connection with a possibility of endogenous infection with cysticercosis.