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Amebiasis (amoebiasis; an amoeba + Greek – iasis – the suffix meaning "disease process or a state"; synonym: dysentery amoebic) – the protozoan infectious disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica; it is characterized by development of the ulcer colitis, inclined to a long current, proceeding with a recurrence and aggravations. Less often the abenteric forms of an amebiasis connected with hematogenous dissimination of the activator from intestines in various fabrics and bodies meet.

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The most rare disease – a disease the Kura. Only representatives of the tribe Faure in New Guinea are ill it. The patient dies of laughter. It is considered that eating of a human brain is an origin of a disease.