- Stroke symptoms
- Stroke reasons
- Treatment of the Stroke
Stroke — the acute disorder of cerebral circulation which is characterized sudden (within several minutes, hours) emergence of focal and/or all-brain neurologic symptomatology which remains more than 24 hours or leads to the death of the patient in shorter period owing to cerebrovascular pathology.
Vascular diseases of a brain take the second place in structure of mortality from blood circulatory system diseases after coronary heart disease.
Carry the brain heart attack, a hematencephalon and subarachnoidal hemorrhage having etiopatogenetichesky and clinical distinctions to strokes.
Taking into account time of regression of neurologic deficit, especially allocate passing disturbances of cerebral circulation (neurologic deficit regresses within 24 hours, unlike actually stroke) and a small stroke (neurologic deficit regresses within three weeks after the beginning of a disease).
The stroke happens ischemic and hemorrhagic.
The most common cause of a stroke – tserebyoralny thrombosis, obstruction by a clot (blood clot) of the arteyoriya supplying a brain. There is such clot (plaque) most often at atherosclerosis.
One more reason of a stroke – a hematencephalon, internal bleeding in a brain. The artery of a golovyony brain affected with a disease can become torn to (lopyonut) and flood with blood nearby fabrics of a head mozyog. The cells fed by this artery appear not to receive blood and oxygen in a soyostoyaniya.
Hemorrhage in a brain most likely occurs when at the patient atherosclerosis and high blood pressure is noted at the same time.
In other words, damage of the nervous cells located in a brain and controlling all functions of a human body is the reason of a stroke. And such damages, to be exact, death of nervous cells, come owing to an acute disorder of blood circulation in this or that department of a brain when its highly active cells suddenly cease to receive amount of blood, necessary and sufficient for them. As a result blood on vessels does not flow, cells of a brain perish, teams to the corresponding muscles does not arrive that as a result leads to paralyzes, visual disturbances, the speech and other neurologic disturbances.
Treatment of the Stroke:
At a stroke the first minutes and hours of a disease as at this particular time medical care can be the most effective are the most expensive.
First of all the patient needs to be laid conveniently on a bed and to undo the clothes complicating breath, to give sufficient inflow of fresh air. To remove prostheses, emetic masses from a mouth. The head, shoulders have to lie on a pillow that there was no bending of a neck and deterioration in a blood-groove on vertebral arteries.
The patient at a stroke is transportable always lying, only if it is not a coma of the 3rd stage. Patients seldom perish directly from a stroke, pneumonia and decubituses most often join a stroke that demands permanent care, a turning from outside on the party, changes of wet linen, feeding, purgation, vibromassage of a thorax.