- Conjunctivitis reasons
- Conjunctivitis symptoms
- Treatment of Conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis is inflammatory process as a result of which the century (conjunctivas) which can be caused by an infection, allergic reaction or physical impact is observed in reddening of a mucous membrane of a white part of an eye and the lower part (for example, infrared or ultraviolet rays).
Conjunctivitis can be caused by a viral infection, such as cold, acute respiratory infections and other diseases, such as measles, herpes or shingles. Symptoms include various degree of manifestation discomfort in one or both eyes, reddening, the century, and watery, yellow or green allocations swelled. Symptoms can last from several days to two weeks. Infection with adenovirus often proceeds with conjunctivitis symptoms. These symptoms can be followed by hypostasis and morbidity of lymph nodes in an ear.
Bacterial conjunctivitis can arise at adults and children. He is called by such organisms as staphylococcus, streptococci and a hemophilic stick. The main symptom of bacterial conjunctivitis is the purulent discharge from an eye. The reddening of a conjunctiva which is followed by hypostasis can be observed various degree. The persons having conjunctivitis symptoms which are sexually active, perhaps are infected with gonorrhea or clamidiosis. In such cases conjunctivitis is followed by a photophobia, watery allocations from an eye and sensitivity in lymph nodes near an ear. These symptoms can remain up to three months.
Conjunctivitis can be caused by ecological factors, such as wind, smoke, dust, and also allergic reactions caused by pollen, dust or a grass. Symptoms include an itch and reddening of a conjunctiva. People who carry contact lenses can have allergic conjunctivitis.
Other, less common causes of conjunctivitis include influence professional a factor (for example, the welding device) and problems with insufficient drainage of the lacrimal channels.
The conjunctiva is a thin, gentle cover which covers an eyeglobe and the line of a century. Conjunctivitis is extremely widespread disease of eyes because the conjunctiva constantly is affected by microorganisms and ecological factors which can cause infections or allergic reactions. Conjunctivitis can be acute or chronic how the state, weights of symptoms and type of an infestant lasts long. Conjunctivitis can be surprised one or both eyes, and if the infection became the reason, it is very easily transferred to other people at close physical contact, especially among children in school or children's a garden.
Conjunctivitis is the most widespread eye infection at children.
Treatment of Conjunctivitis:
Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on a cause of illness. In all cases the warm compresses applied several times a day can reduce discomfort.
Conjunctivitis against the background of a viral infection, especially in connection with adenoviruses, is usually treated by use of warm compresses on a sore point with use of antibacterial ointments for prevention of a consecutive bacterial infection. Viral conjunctivitis, the caused herpes virus, is a reason for the urgent request for medical assistance.
In cases of bacterial conjunctivitis the doctor can appoint the antibiotics in the form of an oculentum or eye drops containing sodium Sulfacetamidum natricum (Sulamyd) which need to be applied daily within 7-14 days. If after 72 hours of treatment the state does not improve, it is necessary to exclude not bacterial nature of conjunctivitis or to replace an antibiotic. In case of gonococcal conjunctivitis injections of a tseftriakson and the antibacterial ointment containing erythromycin are appointed. These drugs have to be used 4 times a day within 2-3 weeks. Sexual partners have to be inspected also.
Chlamidia conjunctivitis to be treated by Unguentum Erytgromycyni which is applied by 1-2 times a day. Besides, oral administration of erythromycin or tetracycline within 3-4 weeks is appointed. Besides, also sexual partners have to be inspected.
Allergic conjunctivitis is treated by the termination of contact with allergic substances if it is possible; cold compresses are applied to eyes, and also eye kapli4-6 once a day. The itch in an eye can facilitate reception of antihistaminic drugs.