Hernia of intervertebral disks
- Symptoms of Hernia of intervertebral disks
- Reasons of Hernia of intervertebral disks
- Treatment of Hernia of intervertebral disks
The hernia nuclei pulposi (synonyms a protruded disk, intervertebral hernia) means extreme extent of deformation of an intervertebral disk which result its pulpozny kernel is displaced and drops out with a rupture of a fibrous ring.
Being stuck out to the spinal canal, the hernia nuclei pulposi causes squeezing (compression) of a spinal cord that leads to numbness, paresis and paralyzes of extremities and, as a result, disability threat. In most cases intervertebral hernia is an osteochondrosis complication.
Symptoms of Hernia of intervertebral disks:
Subjectively symptoms of a hernia nuclei pulposi are felt differently, depending on localization of the damaged disk.
1. The hernia nuclei pulposi of lumbar department is shown by the back pains and a sacrum irradiating in a buttock, the back surface of a hip and shin, numbness and muscular weakness of a leg (or both legs), numbness of toes, disturbance of an urination, locks, erectile dysfunction (at men).
At the diagnosis intervertebral hernia of lumbar department symptoms usually combine in the symptom complexes called by a lumbago, a lyumbalgiya, a lumbar ishialgia, a sciatica depending on character and intensity of pains.
2. The hernia nuclei pulposi of cervical department causes the pains in a neck (nape) irradiating in the shovel and a hand accompanied with numbness of fingers of hands, headaches, dizzinesses and rise in arterial pressure (hypertensia).
3. The hernia nuclei pulposi of chest department is usually shown by chronic dorsodynias, in a breast and in heart, is frequent as stenocardia and intercostal neuralgia.
The most widespread diagnosis is the hernia nuclei pulposi of lumbar department, the hernia nuclei pulposi of cervical department and, at last, the most rare diagnosis – a hernia nuclei pulposi of chest department of a backbone meets slightly less often
Reasons of Hernia of intervertebral disks:
Among the main reasons for emergence of a protruded disk it is possible to note two:
- Age changes from a disk
- Spine injuries
Despite all the durability, in an intervertebral disk there are two so-called "weak points":
In an intervertebral disk there is no network of blood vessels. Food of a disk is carried out due to diffusion ("treatment") through perispondylic fabrics. At the same time nutrients come to a disk more actively while in it there are fluctuations of pressure (that is the movements in a backbone).
The usual way of life of the person does not provide necessary motive load of a backbone therefore deficit of movements leads to deterioration in food of intervertebral disks and, as a result, decrease in its durability and a gap.
The structure of fibers of a fibrous ring of a disk is expected a certain volume and the direction of movements of a backbone. If the orientation and volume of an exercise stress on a disk differs from norm. There is a gradual destruction of a fibrous ring. This process can last for years, and the awkward movement, sneezing or an exercise stress can become "last straw".
Treatment of Hernia of intervertebral disks:
It would seem to hope, at such destruction of a disk as intervertebral hernia, there is nothing any more. However it not so. Our organism possesses a huge resource of self-recovery. At the diagnosis the hernia nuclei pulposi treatment by methods of integral medicine consists just in as much as possible to help an organism to be recovered, stimulate and strengthen mechanisms of recovery of the damaged fabrics of disks.
For this purpose it is required to remove, first, causes of destruction of an intervertebral disk – developments of stagnation in a back, vascular hypostasis, pinching of nerves, muscular spasms. And secondly, to strengthen food of fabrics of a disk – to improve blood supply and delivery of oxygen, to normalize exchange processes.
It demands time, but results of such treatment of intervertebral hernia are incomparable with anything another. For today integral techniques allow to treat and eliminate successfully hernias nuclei pulposi up to 12-14 mm in size without operation.
At the diagnosis the hernia nuclei pulposi treatment includes the same methods, as treatment of osteochondrosis and protrusion of a disk (except for manual therapy) – acupressure, special massage, acupuncture, a girudoterapiya, physical therapy, however character, intensity and the sequence of influence have essential differences.