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Disturbance of a spermatogenesis


Spermatogenesis — the development of men's sex cells (spermatozoa) happening under the regulating influence of hormones. One of gametogenesis forms.

Сперматогенез человека

Spermatogenesis of the person

Symptoms of Disturbance of a spermatogenesis:

The spermatogenesis at the person normal begins in the pubertantny period (about 12 years) and proceeds till an extreme old age. Duration of a full spermatogenesis at men proceeds about 73 — 75 days

Traditional clinical diagnostic method of disturbances of a spermatogenesis is the analysis of a spermogram. Results of researches of the predictive importance of separate parameters of a spermogram pokazyyovat that the most reliable for the forecast of fertilizing capacity of spermatozoa are the analysis of their morphology and the ability test to contact a brilliant cover of an ovum.

Disturbance of a spermatogenesis at different stages of development of spermatozoa is the cornerstone of secretory infertility.

Spermatogenesis causes of infringement:

The factors influencing process of a spermatogenesis:
- external
- internal

Treat external factors: infections of a genital tract: chlamydias, mycoplasmas, ureaplasmas, trichomonads, gonokokk, etc. and the inflammatory diseases of generative organs caused by them. injuries of generative organs, vessels, fabrics of testicles and their appendages. organism poisoning with various toxic agents and salts of heavy metals, some strong medicines. action of ionizing radiation and penetrating radiation, high-frequency electromagnetic oscillations. influence of high temperature of the environment. hyponutrient, avitaminosis.

To internal: the insufficiency of function of a hypothalamus and a hypophysis which is shown a lack of FSG and LG. inborn genetic defects and anomalies of development. dysfunction of a thyroid gland. dysfunction of adrenal glands (adrenogenital syndrome, Itsenko-Cushing's disease). renal and liver failure. diabetes mellitus. effects of some infectious diseases (infectious parotitis (mumps), tuberculosis, brucellosis, syphilis, typhus). inguinal and inguinoscrotal hernias. edema of covers of testicles, small egg torsion. to a varikotsela (varicosity of seed cords).

Treatment of Disturbance of a spermatogenesis:

Begin with elimination of the established spermatogenesis causes of infringement: termination of contact with electromagnetic fields and ionizing radiation, toxic agents, treatment cancellation by the corresponding drugs. Treatment of infections of genitalias is carried out to both spouses depending on the revealed activators. The course of treatment antibiotics has to make not less than 3 weeks with change of 2-3 drugs. Except antibiotics also other drugs used in complex treatment of inflammatory processes are appointed. At various disturbances of a spermatogenesis hormonal drugs are used. Drugs are appointed to the term not less than duration of spermatogenesis (12-15 weeks). At dysfunction of a thyroid gland, adrenal glands, gipotalamo-pituitary insufficiency, a giperprolaktinemiya apply the hormonal or/and surgical methods accepted for treatment of the corresponding diseases. The importance in treatment of male infertility is occupied by surgical methods. They are applied at the varikotsel, a cryptorchism, an edema of covers of testicles, inguinal and inguinoscrotal hernias.

Drugs, drugs, tablets for treatment of Disturbance of a spermatogenesis:

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