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Adenomatous polyp


One of precancerous diseases of a large intestine is the adenomatous polyp. It represents a polyp which grows on the surface of a large intestine and has big risk of regeneration in cancer.

Reasons of an adenomatous polyp:

Polyps in an organism arise in connection with disturbance of regenerator process in a mucous membrane. Adenomatous polyps are neoplastic new growths which form from a dysplastic epithelium which in a normality in a stomach is absent.

There are 3 types of adenomatous polyps:
1. Tubular adenomas. Arise in any place of a large intestine.
2. Tubular and fleecy adenomas. Can grow in a large intestine, other departments of digestive tract or in any part of a body.
3. Fleecy adenomas. Meet on the surface of a rectum more often.

Symptoms of an adenomatous polyp:

Symptoms of a fleecy tumor:

- mucifying at defecation (the amount of slime reaches 1-1,5 l a day);

- bleeding;

- lock or diarrhea;

- abdominal pains;

- intestinal discomfort.

Multiple polyps are characterized by such signs: abdominal pains without a certain localization, weight loss, mucifying and blood with a stake, a diarrhea, anemia.

Аденоматозный полип

Adenomatous polyp

Treatment of an adenomatous polyp:

Kolonoskopiya will help to reveal even the smallest polyps. It is inefficient to do a biopsy of polyps as the chance to take material from a leg of a polyp is small, namely this material is the main thing for a histologic research.

By conservative methods of treatment in this case not to achieve any results. It is necessary to delete an adenomatous polyp before it passes into a malignant form.

Low polyps are removed transanalno, the polyps proksimalno located delete via endoscopes with a loopback electrode (by means of it take and press a polyp leg). If the polyp large, then it is deleted in parts.

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