- Reasons of an adenomatous polyp
- Symptoms of an adenomatous polyp
- Treatment of an adenomatous polyp
One of precancerous diseases of a large intestine is the adenomatous polyp. It represents a polyp which grows on the surface of a large intestine and has big risk of regeneration in cancer.
Reasons of an adenomatous polyp:
Polyps in an organism arise in connection with disturbance of regenerator process in a mucous membrane. Adenomatous polyps are neoplastic new growths which form from a dysplastic epithelium which in a normality in a stomach is absent.
There are 3 types of adenomatous polyps:
1. Tubular adenomas. Arise in any place of a large intestine.
2. Tubular and fleecy adenomas. Can grow in a large intestine, other departments of digestive tract or in any part of a body.
3. Fleecy adenomas. Meet on the surface of a rectum more often.
Symptoms of an adenomatous polyp:
Symptoms of a fleecy tumor:
- mucifying at defecation (the amount of slime reaches 1-1,5 l a day);
- lock or diarrhea;
- abdominal pains;
- intestinal discomfort.
Multiple polyps are characterized by such signs: abdominal pains without a certain localization, weight loss, mucifying and blood with a stake, a diarrhea, anemia.
Treatment of an adenomatous polyp:
Kolonoskopiya will help to reveal even the smallest polyps. It is inefficient to do a biopsy of polyps as the chance to take material from a leg of a polyp is small, namely this material is the main thing for a histologic research.
By conservative methods of treatment in this case not to achieve any results. It is necessary to delete an adenomatous polyp before it passes into a malignant form.
Low polyps are removed transanalno, the polyps proksimalno located delete via endoscopes with a loopback electrode (by means of it take and press a polyp leg). If the polyp large, then it is deleted in parts.