- Dermatitis reasons
- Dermatitis symptoms
- Treatment of Dermatitis
- Seborrheal dermatitis
- Contact dermatitis
- Dermatitis of Dyuringa (Herpetiform)
- Atopic dermatitis
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- Allergic dermatitis
- Exfoliative dermatitis of Ritter
- Radiation dermatitis
- Solar dermatitis
- Disgidrotichesky dermatitis (Помфоликс)
- Bubbly dermatitis
- Diaper dermatitis
- Beam dermatitis
- Violent dermatitis
- a href="" title="Воспаление кожи голеней, вызванное хронической венозной недостаточностью.">Varicose dermatitis
- Perioral dermatitis
Dermatitis is a group of inflammatory defeats of integuments which develop under the influence of the internal and external reasons of the chemical, physical or biological nature.
Allergic dermatitis is genetically caused process, and at different persons he is called by various substances. The most widespread irritating substance is the poisonous ivy and a poisonous oak. In the USA allergic dermatitis is the most widespread display of an allergy which is registered practically at every second resident of the country.
Flowers, herbs and vegetables can also influence skin of some people. Sunblisters and suntan increase risk of development of dermatitis.
Chemical irritants which can lead to dermatitis:
- detergents and soap
- fabric softeners
- the glue used on artificial nails
Contact dermatitis can develop both at the first contact with substance, and after its long-term use. Atopic dermatitis can be caused by an allergy, asthma or a stress against the background of genetic predisposition to atopic reactions. Sometimes reaction to the nickel which is contained in jewelry is the reason. Seborrheal dermatitis can be also genetically caused. It develops against the background of hyperproduction of skin fat sebaceous glands. It can be connected with a diabetes mellitus, an allergy to gold or deficit of biotin.
Pruritic pink or red rashes are characteristic of the majority of types of dermatitis. Contact dermatitis is allergic reaction to an irritant. It is shown by the single red rashes which are followed by hypostasis and an itch. The first displays of contact dermatitis are observed within 48 hours after contact with the irritating substance. The similar state meets at adults more often, than at children. Contact dermatitis can arise on any part of a body, but is usually observed on hands, legs and in inguinal area. Contact dermatitis usually is not transmitted from one person to another and did not extend for area of influence of the irritating substance. Nevertheless, in case of some irritants, such as a poisonous ivy, contact dermatitis can be transmitted to other person or extend to other part of a body.
Atopic dermatitis is characterized by an itch, a peeling, hypostasis, and sometimes and an enanthesis. In the early childhood atopic is called children's eczema and it is characterized by reddening, moknutiy and formation of crusts on skin. Process is usually localized on face skin, internal area of an elbow bend and under knees.
Seborrheal dermatitis can be dry or wet. The disease is characterized by yellowish crusts on a pilar part of the head, on centuries, the person, the external surface of ears, armpits, a breast and in inguinal area.
The diagnosis of dermatitis is made on the basis of the characteristic of rash and the anamnesis of a disease. The doctor can carry out rash scraping on an affected area of skin for microscopic examination. Before a research the patient has to stop use of any potential irritant to which contacted recently.
If the reason of irritation cannot be established anamnesticly, then the dermatologist can offer the patient one or several allergotest which consist in applying of a small amount of the suspected irritant on back skin. If the patient does not react to one irritant, in several days apply another. Process continues while allergic reaction on site of the appendix of an irritant is not diagnosed for the patient.
Treatment of Dermatitis:
inflammation and corticosteroid ointments and creams can remove irritation on skin. Cosmetic creams, lotions, ointments can strengthen irritation. For the purpose of reduction of an itch peroral forms of antihistaminic drugs are recommended. Antibiotics are necessary at accession of an infection.
People who have dermatitis in the anamnesis have to remove rings before washing of hands. It is better to use soap on the basis of glycerin. Also heat baths with sea water will be useful.
You should not wipe skin after bathing carefully, to drain it the getting wet movements better. Highly concentrated drugs of a cortisone should not be put on a face, armpits, a groin or rectal area. Periodic medical control is necessary for identification of side effects at people who use such drugs for treatment of the rash covering big body parts.
Shampoo with coal tar can be used at the seborrheal dermatitis localized on a pilar part of the head. It is necessary to avoid influence of the sun after use of these shampoos as the risk of sunblisters of head skin increases.
At dermatitis also phytotherapy can be useful.
Among phytodrugs the following is most often recommended:
- burdock root;
- calendula ointment;
- ointment with extract a camomile of medicinal (MatricariaRecutita);
- oil of a primrose of vespers (Oenotherabiennis);
- nettle gonochoristic.
Bathtubs with oat broth are useful to elimination of an itch. At a moknutiya bentonite or any other medical clay is applied.
At seborrheal dermatitis the positive effect gives purpose of selenium, topical administration of linseed oil and/or olive oil, and additives with biotin.
Contact dermatitis can be prevented by elimination of a source of irritation. If the irritant cannot be completely eliminated, the person has to wear gloves and other protective clothes at contact with it.
At contact with a poisonous ivy, a poisonous oak or sumakhy it is necessary to wash out at once the field of contact by clear water with soap, than it is possible to stop allergic reaction.
The people inclined to development of dermatitis have to wear the free, not constraining movements clothes from cotton. After washing the clothes need to be rinsed carefully to get rid of detergents on it.
The yoga and other methods of a relaxation can help to prevent the atopic dermatitis caused by a stress. Elimination of the increased perspiration can help with prevention of seborrheal dermatitis.
The person having dermatitis has to see urgently a doctor if:
- fever joins symptoms of dermatitis;
- arise signs of infection of the center of dermatitis;
- symptoms of dermatitis do not decrease for 7 days of adequate therapy;
- the patient came into contact with the persons having warts, herpes or other viral infections of skin