Allergic rhinitis (cold)
- Symptoms of Allergic rhinitis
- Reasons of Allergic rhinitis
- Treatment of Allergic rhinitis
Allergic rhinitis belongs to eurysynusic diseases. For the last decades in all economically developed countries increase in number of patients with allergic rhinitis, and according to the epidemiological researches conducted in the different countries is noted, prevalence makes it from 1 to 40%.
Allergic rhinitis is very widespread disease, and the situation with incidence does not improve as consumption of the food stuffs containing artificial components, use of household chemicals, use of medicines without control of doctors grows in modern society the quantity of pollutants of the environment grows. All these factors cause growth of a disease of allergic rhinitis, especially among residents of the large cities.
Symptoms of Allergic rhinitis:
- an itch in a nose
Reasons of Allergic rhinitis:
The etiology is connected with hypersensitivity of a mucous membrane of a nose to various exogenous allergens, and also a sensitization to bacterial and virus agents (an infectious and allergic form).
Treatment of Allergic rhinitis:
Treatment of allergic rhinitis always begins with identification of allergen or group of allergens which cause a disease, and drug treatment is appointed only after that. It is also necessary to differentiate this disease from vasculomotor rhinitis. While the hyperreactivity of mucous membranes of a nose which is not followed by allergic reactions is the reason of vasculomotor rhinitis, at an allergy developing of rhinitis is always connected with availability of allergen.
Drug treatment of allergic rhinitis is carried out after the greatest possible termination of contact of the patient with the revealed allergen, by all means under observation of the doctor. When the termination of contact with allergens is not possible or when use against allergic rhinitis of medicamentous drugs does not yield result, desensitization performance is shown.
In treatment of allergic rhinitises the important place belongs to antihistaminic drugs. At their reception at patients such symptoms of allergic rhinitis as an itch in a nose, sneezing, a rhinorrhea considerably decrease.