- Anaplasmosis reasons
- Anaplasmosis symptoms
- Treatment of an anaplasmosis
The Granulotsitarny Anaplasmosis of the Person (GAP) – an acute infectious disease which is transmitted by ixodic mites. It is characterized by fever and emergence in internals of the centers of an inflammation.
23% of the infections developing at a sting of ixodic mites fall on a granulotsitarny anaplasmosis. The disease has seasonal nature and arises during the spring and summer period. The Granulotsitarny anaplasmosis is widespread everywhere.
More often men aged from 11 up to 73 years are ill.
Activator: Anaplasma phagocytophilum bacterium.
This bacterium breeds in blood cells – leukocytes. The person catches a granulotsitarny anaplasmosis at a sting of an ixodic tick (Ixodes ricinus).
Ways of infection: transmissible (the bacterium gets through skin of the person into blood at a sting of the infected tick).
The incubation interval makes 3 - 23 days (on average 14 days).
The disease can proceed asymptomatically or have the following manifestations:
- fervescence higher than 38,50 With (fever to last from 2 to 10 days)
- appetite loss
- severe headache
- muscle pain
- abdominal pains
- nausea, vomiting
- joint pains
- lowering of arterial pressure
- rash on skin (seldom)
- hepatitis (sometimes)
- nephrite (inflammation of kidneys)
1. Consultation of the doctor: infectiologist
2. Laboratory methods of a research:
general blood test
biochemical analysis of blood
general analysis of urine
dark field method of blood
Enzyme immunoassay (IFA)
Diagnostic test systems for identification of antibodies to the PARAFFIN SLACK WAX activator
3. Tool methods of a research:
X-ray analysis of lungs
Treatment of an anaplasmosis:
Patients are hospitalized in a hospital. Appoint:
- bed rest
- the anesthetizing drugs
- febrifugal drugs
- infusional therapy