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Filariases (filariosis, filariatoses) – group of tropical transmissible helminthoses which causative agents belong to nematodes of Spirurida group, the Filarudae families.

Filariases are widespread in the countries with humid tropical and subtropical climate (in Africa, tropical Asia, Central and South America). In the CIS countries only cases of delivery of a disease meet.

Filariosis symptoms:

Filariases are shown by fever, skin rashes and ulcers, an inflammation of absorbent vessels, elephantiasis of hands, legs, scrotums, damage of eyes.

Filariosis reasons:

The main filariases of the person - вухерериоз (Wuchereria Bancrofti activator), бругиоз (Brugia malayi activator), a loasis (Loa loa activator) an onchocercosis (Onchocerca volvulus activator), акантохейлонематоз and a mansonelliasis (Mansonella ozzardi, Mansonella perstans and Mansonella streptocerca activators), a parafilariosis, сетариоз, a dirofilariasis (the activator Dirofilaria immitis is).

Treatment of the Filariosis:

Treatment is carried out in a hospital ditraziny. At the same time appoint the desensibilizing drugs (Dimedrol, Suprastinum, tavegil, etc.). At an onchocercosis in addition enter intravenously антрипол (сурамин), acting on puberal onkhotserka. At the expressed allergic manifestations appoint corticosteroids. At a brugioza, an onchocercosis use surgical methods of treatment.

The forecast at timely treatment favorable; development of an elefantiaz, damage of eyes can result in disability. The reason of lethal outcomes can be purulent - septic complications.

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