- Leukosis symptoms
- Leukosis reasons
- Treatment of the Leukosis
Leukosis — a clonal malignant (neoplastic) disease of the hemopoietic system. The extensive group of such diseases, various on the etiology treats leukoses. At leukoses the malignant clone comes from unripe hemopoietic cells of marrow.
Carry to somatic symptoms of leukemia:
* bystry fatigue
* drowsiness or sleeplessness
* deterioration in brain activity: impossibility to concentrate, memory impairment
* pallor of integuments, shadows under the eyes
* not healing of wounds: even small scratches begin to suppurate and long do not drag on
* the emergence of bruises (which is not provoked by blow)
* nasal bleedings
* frequent and long (over 3 weeks) SARS, quinsies
* damages of mucous membranes: ulites, stomatitises, colpitises, laryngitis
* exacerbation of chronic diseases: herpes, tonsillitis, bronchitis, pyelonephritis
* increase in lymph nodes, spleen or liver
* unjustly increased temperature
Hematologic symptoms of leukemia:
* the raised or lowered SOE
* leukocytosis of any kind
* the anemia which is especially not giving in to treatment a leukopenia
* existence of blast cells
Vozyonikyonoyoveyoniya of ostyory leyyokoyoz and a hroyoniyocheyosky miyoeyoloyoleyyokoyoz the nayoruyosheyoniya of a soyostayov and a strukyotuyora of a hromoyosomyony appayorayot, an ioyoniyoziyoruyushchy rayodiyoation, action of hiyomiyocheyosky muyotageyon can be Priyochiyona. at a vozyodeystviye of a benyozoyol, a sreyoda bolyyony, poyoluyochavshy tsiyotoyostayotiyocheyosky immuyonoyodepresyosanyota (имуран, циклофосфан, лейкаран, сарколизин, мустарген, etc.). Izyovestyona of a fakyota a vozyonikyonoyoveyoniya of an acute miyoeyolobyolastyony leyyokoyoz, an acute erityoromiyoeyoloyoz against the background of a dliyotelyyony hiyomioyoteyorapiya of a hroyoniyocheyosky limfoyoleyyokoyoz, Valyyodenyostrem's mayokyorogyoloyobuyoliyonemiya, a miyoeyolomyony boyolezyona, a limfograyonuyolemayotoyoz and others opuyokhoyoly. Opiyosayona nayoblyuyodeyoniya domiyonantyony and рецессивного nayosleyodoyovayoniya of a hroyoniyocheyosky limfoyoleyyokoyoz. More often наследуется not лейкоз, but a neyostayobilyyonost hromoyosy, predyorasyopoyolagayushchy royodonayochalyyony miyoeyoloyoidyony or limfayotiyocheyosky kletyok to a leyyokozyony transyoformation.
Treatment of the Leukosis:
For treatment of an acute leukosis the combination of several antineoplastic drugs and high doses of glucocorticoid hormones is used. Bone marrow transplantation is in certain cases possible. The supporting actions — transfusion of components of blood and bystry treatment of the joined infection are extremely important.
At chronic leukoses apply so-called antimetabolites now — drugs which suppress growth of malignant cells. Besides, sometimes use radiation therapy or administration of radioactive materials, such as radioactive phosphorus.
The doctor chooses a treatment method in dependence of a form of a leukosis. Behind a condition of the patient it is controlled on blood tests and researches of marrow. It is necessary to be treated for a leukosis throughout all remained life.