- Delirium symptoms
- Delirium reasons
- Treatment of the Delirium
Delirium (Latin delirium — madness, nonsense; lat. deliro — I rave, I rave) — the mental disorder proceeding with consciousness disturbance (from the dulled state to a coma). It is characterized by existence true preferential visual, hallucinations and illusions, and, as a result — secondary nonsense; existence of emotionally affective disturbances, sensopatiya, the complicated orientation in the world around, a disorientation in time. At the same time understanding of own personality and dangers remain. The emotional condition of the patient depends on the nature of hallucinations. After an exit from a delirium — partial kongradny amnesia (real events and painful memories amnezirutsya). The patient can be dangerous to himself and people around.
The delirium can arise at the highest stage of an infectious disease. The delirium caused by alcohol is called "delirium tremens". Duration of a delirium can vary from several hours to several weeks. Though generally about endured during a delirium, as a rule, it is held in remembrance, after a delirium partial amnesia is often noted.
At deliriums note the following somatovegetativny disturbances:
fluctuations of body temperature
fluctuations of arterial pressure
unsteadiness of gait
The delirium can be considered as the passing mental disorder reflecting acute insufficiency of a brain owing to diffusion disturbance of metabolism. The delirium as if is a peculiar physiological decompensation of functions of a brain, similar to a syndrome of a heart, renal or liver failure.
The delirium usually arises because of the disturbances connected with various actually brain and general diseases, and also it can arise under the influence of a number of chemicals, at a hypoxia, a sleep deprivation, in abstinence at deprivation of drugs. Usually distinguish three main groups from the reasons of a delirium: 1) diseases of the central nervous system (for example, epilepsy, meningitis or encephalitis); 2) system somatopathies (for example, heart, pulmonary, renal or liver failure); 3) intoxications (for example, neurotoxins at systemic infections, drugs, alcohol, medicines).
Treatment of the Delirium:
At development of a delirious syndrome hospitalization in a psychiatric hospital or psychosomatic department, in hard cases — to the intensive care care unit for carrying out desintoxication and stopping of psychotic frustration is shown.