- Hypochloraemia reasons
- Hypochloraemia symptoms
- Treatment of a hypochloraemia
The hypochloraemia is a decrease in level of content of minerals of chlorine in a blood plasma. Normal values of this laboratory indicator fluctuate within 560-620 mg/l.
The following diseases and states can cause a hypochloraemia:
- the increased release of chlorides with then in the conditions of hot climate, during the work in hot workshops, in cases of the feverish diseases which are followed by plentiful sweating;
- the increased release of chlorides with a stake at ponosa;
- repeated vomiting; in these cases plays a role both reduction of intake of chlorides in an organism, and release of chlorides with a gastric juice in emetic masses;
- repeated systematic extraction of gastric contents by means of the probe (for example, at stenoses of peloric department of a stomach);
- some diseases of kidneys;
- a lung fever at the height of a disease and some other infections;
- impassability of intestines, the restrained hernias;
- sometimes in hard cases of insufficiency of function of adrenal glands (an addisonov a disease).
The hyperchloremia is observed quite often at a number of diseases of kidneys, in particular, at an acute glomerulonephritis.
The symptomatology is caused by a basic disease. Hypochloraemia symptoms often are not shown to late stages of a disease. In the started cases the renal failure and an azotemia with an unpleasant smell of acetone from the child's mouth develops.
Treatment of a hypochloraemia:
The main treatment of a hypochloraemia is the replacing therapy. A part of complex drugs for organism dehydration without fail has to chloride is sodium. At serious conditions intravenous drop administration of isotonic solution of sodium of chloride before recovery of normal laboratory indicators of maintenance of ions of chlorine in the child's blood is applied.