- Pancreatitis symptoms
- Pancreatitis reasons
- Treatment of Pancreatitis
Pancreatitis (Latin pancreatitis, from other - Greek — a pancreas + - itis — an inflammation) — group of diseases and syndromes at which the pancreas inflammation is observed. At a pancreas inflammation the enzymes emitted by gland are not thrown out a duodenum, and become more active in gland and begin to destroy its (self-digestion). Enzymes and toxins which at the same time are emitted are often dumped in a blood stream and can seriously damage other bodies, such as a brain, lungs, heart, kidneys and a liver. Acute pancreatitis is very serious condition of an organism which demands immediate treatment. Temporarily it is possible to suspend development of acute process (and to save for a while a part of a pancreas) by cooling of a pancreas with a plastic bottle with ice, having placed it on a stomach - where hurts most strongly. But, as a rule, in case of acute pancreatitis treatment in hospital under observation of doctors surely is required.
Clinical displays of acute and chronic pancreatitis differ. Often after the postponed acute pancreatitis pancreas pseudocysts which carry to chronic pancreatitis are formed. Against the background of chronic pancreatitis developing of acute pancreatitis is possible that it is not equivalent to an exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis.
Among typical symptoms of acute pancreatitis: a megalgia in epigastriums, pain sudden, strong, constant in an upper half of a stomach. Irradiation in the left half of a trunk. Vomiting — unrestrained, with impurity of bile and not giving relief.
At increase in a head of a pancreas — the mechanical jaundice (bile outflow disturbance, bringing to accumulation of bilious pigments in blood and body tissues) which is followed by yellowness of skin, coloring of urine in dark color and clarification a calla is possible.
According to modern statistical data more than 50% of patients with destructive pancreatitis or a pancreatonecrosis are the persons abusing alcohol whereas less than 20% are those at whom pancreatitis developed as a cholelithiasis complication. Also poisonings, injuries, viral diseases, operations and endoscopic manipulations can be the reasons of pancreatitis (they make about 5%). Also allocate the given rise pancreatitis.
Treatment of Pancreatitis:
Treatment depends on severity of a disease. If complications, in the form of damage of kidneys or lungs do not develop, then acute pancreatitis passes. Treatment is directed to maintenance of vital signs of an organism and prevention of complications. Stay in hospital can be necessary as intravenous administration of drugs is required.
If adventitious cysts of a pancreas form, they can be removed in the surgical way.
If the pancreat duct or a bilious channel are blocked by a gallstone, then the bad attack usually proceeds only a few days. In serious cases, intravenous food (parenteral food) from 3 to 6 weeks can be required by the person while the pancreas is recovered. In mild cases of a disease parenteral food is not applied.
After stay in hospital the patient is recommended not to take alcohol and to keep to a sparing diet. When acute pancreatitis passes, the doctor defines the reason that can prevent attacks in the future. At some people the reason of an attack is clear, but at others it is necessary to conduct researches.