Paresis of skeletal muscles
- Reasons of paresis of skeletal muscles
- Symptoms of paresis of skeletal muscles
- Treatment of paresis of skeletal muscles
Paresis or paralyzes are a debilitation of motive function because of defeat of a nervous system. Unlike other motive frustration, at paresis is surprised the central and peripheral nervous systems. Paresis is a partial loss of an animal force.
Paresis can be divided into two big groups. It is organic and functional paresis. At the first there is an opportunity to find out the organic reason of paresis provoking the fact that nervous impulse will not achieve the main goal - a muscle. At functional paresis there are disturbances in a cerebral cortex of processes of excitement, braking, their balance and maneuverability.
Reasons of paresis of skeletal muscles:
Different factors can be an origin of paresis, the hemiparesis can be a consequence of a stroke, encephalitis, hemorrhage in a tumor, an abtsess of a brain, multiple sclerosis, migraine.
Defeat of chest department of a spinal cord, spinal stroke, infectious or postinfectious myelitis, and also brain zone steam-saggitalnoy defeat, ischemia in the pool of a front brain artery, fibrinferments of an upper sagittal sine, a tumor, acute hydrocephaly is the reason of a paraparesis.
Tetraparesis can be a consequence of bilateral defeat of big hemispheres, defeats of a trunk or verkhnesheyny department of a spinal cord. Acute tetraparesis, as a rule, is display of a stroke, injury, metabolic disturbances.
The monoparesis is connected with defeat of a peripheral nervous system, involves reduction of sensitivity and pain.
Symptoms of paresis of skeletal muscles:
Paresis is shown by three main signs: this increase in a muscle tone - a hyper tone, increase in reflexes - a hyperreflexia and emergence of pathological reflexes and the accompanying movements.
All these negative manifestations are present at activation of activity of a spinal cord. On prevalence degree paresis is divided into a monoparesis (when one extremity is paralyzed), a hemiparesis (when a half of a body), a paraparesis (paralysis of two symmetric extremities, upper or lower is paralyzed) and tetraparesis (paralysis of all four extremities).
Treatment of paresis of skeletal muscles:
Before speaking about treatment of paresis, it is necessary to notice that paresis and paralyzes are not independent diseases, and, as a rule, become reflection of other diseases and pathologies. Therefore, first of all, treatment of paresis has to be causal, that is go against the main disease, for example, it can be sewing together of a peripheral nerve at its injury, recovery therapy after a stroke, surgical intervention at detection of the tumors squeezing nervous structures, etc. But together with it, massages as muscles atrophy without the movement shall be carried out.
There is a wish to remind that the human body itself can cope with many illnesses. So, for example, by science it is already proved that the brain uses only 20% of the opportunities at defeat of one sites, others are able to undertake its functions, the main thing - to apply these reserves so, for recovery of the person his will to recovery, belief in healing, trust and authority of the doctor plays a large role.